Drink More Water to Lose Weight

Drinking water not only keeps your body hydrated but it is good for weight loss as well. According to a study published in the journal Obesity, drinking 16 ounces of water before you eat can help you lose weight.

Drinking Water to Lose Weight

A study says drinking 16 ounces of water before each meal can help you lose weight. Photo by Charming Style

Researchers gathered 84 adults with obesity for a 12 week study in which they received general weight loss advice. They were split into two groups with one group drinking 16 ounces of water 30 minutes before they ate. The other group was told just to imagine they were full before they ate. I bet it was very difficult just thinking about being full when they were probably starving!

Everyone’s weight was observed throughout the study and urine was monitored as well to make sure the first group was definitely drinking more water. Their physical activity was observed also but it did not change.

The group that drank more water lost nearly three more pounds than the group that did not increase their water consumption. The results got better as they drank more water; the ones who drank 16 ounces before each meal lost 9 pounds over the course of the study. Dr. Amanda Daley, study author of the University of Birmingham in the U.K., says that it is equivalent to what you get from Weight Watchers. I guess that a half a pound to 2 pounds weekly is a great start for weight loss.

The reason water is so effective may be because “it fills you up” and helps you feel full, Daley mentions. I know each time I am hungry and have a glass of water, I usually do not have much of an appetite and I find myself eating less. Daley says that drinking a couple of glasses of water thirty minutes before you eat gives you time to feel fuller, which can help influence decisions on what you consume.

Drinking more water along with diet and exercise is a good fat loss strategy in my opinion. I understand this is just the beginning and more research is necessary before scientists can fully understand it. I believe drinking water is one of the best things you can do for your body and if it helps weight loss, we should drink more.

Leeman Taylor
Bachelor Degree in Criminal Justice
Real Estate Investor & Internet Marketer

Source: Parretti, H. M., Aveyard, P., Blannin, A., Clifford, S. J., Coleman, S. J., Roalfe, A. and Daley, A. J. (2015), “Efficacy of water preloading before main meals as a strategy for weight loss in primary care patients with obesity”: RCT. Obesity, 23: 1785–1791. doi: 10.1002/oby.21167

Doctor’s Support Helps Weight Loss, Says Study

Doctor’s play a major role in helping patients with weight loss, says study.

Doctor With Obese Patient

Doctor’s support can help patients boost weight loss, says study. Photo by 123RF

Fat loss was double on average for people overweight who believed they had the most support from their physicians, compared to those who believed their physicians were not as helpful, researchers said. My parents always follow the advice from their doctors and I believe that is why they were so successful with weight loss. Cutting out the fried foods, processed foods and going on daily walks is what really improved their health.

According to the study, about 350 people participated in a U.S. government funded clinical trial on fat loss. Participants filled out two surveys at the end of the study which included questions about their relationships with their primary physicians.

Patients lost an average of 11 pounds that gave their doctors the highest ratings on helpfulness. However, the ones who gave their physicians the lowest ratings on helpfulness only lost 5 pounds. This means that doctors really have a big impact on a patient’s success with fat loss and having a close relationship with them is very important.

This study can be found in the Journal of Patient Education and Counseling. I believe these findings can inspire weight loss programs to give primary physicians a big role to ensure the success of obese patients struggling to lose weight. Weight loss programs make billions of dollars each year and over 34 percent of U.S adults are currently overweight, according the National Institutes of Health statistics. For women who are struggling to lose weight, there is a program called the Venus Factor that focuses on the leptin hormone. The leptin hormone sends signals to the brain telling your body when to stop eating and control your appetite. The Venus Factor shows you ways to control it plus it comes with a 12 weeks diet plan to help women lose a few pounds.

“This trial supports other evidence that providers are very important in their patients’ weight-loss efforts,” Dr. Wendy Bennett, an assistant professor of medicine in the School of Medicine, said in a university news release. If patients follow their primary doctor’s advice I am sure they will stay motivated and have a better chance at improving their health. Dr. Bennett agrees by saying, “Incorporating physicians into future programs might lead patients to more successful weight loss.”

Leeman Taylor
Bachelor Degree in Criminal Justice
Real Estate Investor & Internet Marketer

Source: Bennett W, et al. Satisfaction with primary care provider involvement is associated with greater weight loss: Results from the practice-based POWER trial. Patient Education & Counseling. 2015.

Obesity Gene Discovery May Aid Fat Loss

Losing weight without diet or exercise may seem impossible but new genetic research about the causes of obesity makes it possible. According to a report in the New England Journal of Medicine, researchers have discovered a genetic “switch” inside fat cells that can increase your metabolism and help you burn fat as heat energy.

Obesity Gene & Weight Loss

According to new study, researchers have discovered a genetic “switch” inside fat cells that can speed up your metabolism and burn fat, preventing obesity. Photo by 123R

In the study, mice in the lab lost 50 percent of their body weight when researchers turned that genetic switch on. By examining human fat cells, it has been indicated that this may also work for humans, said senior author Manolis Kellis, a professor of computer science and computational biology at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in Cambridge, Mass. This sounds like a cool idea, eat as much as you want, then flip on a genetic switch to help you burn calories and lose weight.

The mice were eating the same amount but were not exercising more. The energy burned was in the form of heat so this means that researchers switched their metabolism from energy storage to energy dissipation.

The focus on this research was a gene region known as “FTO,” which has been in the spotlight since its discovery in 2007. Prior research tried to pair the FTO region with brain circuits that control hunger, but researchers now believe the action happens in fat cells and affects how much food is kept, independently of the brain. Hopefully there may be a way to trigger that gene with future medications to turn on that switch and fight obesity.

The researchers also discovered a higher occurrence of two distant genes, IRX3 and IRX5, which meant more fat storage. By changings the pathways of these genes, scientists can reverse the traces of obesity. The scientists specifically looked at “beige fat,” which is closely related to “white fat.” On the other hand, “brown fat” is usually found in newborn babies and burns faster. The mutations in the cells were manipulated so the white fat turned into beige fat. The amounts of early fat cells were increased so that they turned into beige fat instead of white fat.

According to the Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), more than one-third of U.S. adults are obese, costing about $200 billion dollars each year for medical costs. Obesity is steadily rising and people face serious health conditions such as type-2 diabetes, heart diseases and certain types of cancer. This type of research is very important for finding another method for weight loss and preventing obesity to say the least.

With this new discovery of manipulating fat cells to fight obesity in mice, the next step will be finding out how this works with humans. Although diet and exercise is not required for this obesity gene manipulation, it is still important that you do these things for long term fat loss.

Leeman Taylor
Bachelor Degree in Criminal Justice
Real Estate Investor & Internet Marketer

Source: www.nejm.org Melina Claussnitzer, Simon N. Dankel, Kyoung-Han Kim, et al “FTO Obesity Variant Circuitry and Adipocyte Browning in Humans” The New England Journal of Medicine 19 August 2015

Low-Fat Diets Better than Low-Carb Diets for Fat Loss

There has been much controversy as to which is better for fat loss, low-carb diets or low-fat diets. According to the National Institutes of Health, people lose more weight by reducing their fat intake.

Low Carb vs Low Fat Diets

Low-Fat diets may be better than low-carb diets for fat loss, according to the National Institutes of Health study. Photo by Maik Wiedenbach

Researchers examined 19 obese people and they were allowed 2,700 calories daily. Over a two week period they tried diets that reduced their caloric intake by 30 percent, either by reducing fat or cutting carbohydrates. The findings published in Cell Metabolism found that participants on a low-fat diet lost 463g of body fat on average after six days. This was 80 percent more fat than the participants on the low-carb diet. I believe if it’s easier to stick to a low-carb diet permanently, I would choose just that and Dr. Hall thinks the same.

Dr. Hall told the BBC News website: “If it’s easier to stick to one diet than another, and to ideally do it permanently, then you should choose that diet.

“But if a low-fat diet is better for you, then you are not going to be at a metabolic disadvantage.”

The theory says that lesser carbohydrates lead to lower levels of insulin, which in turn lead to fat burning. I prefer low-carb diets because research shows these type of diets help you lose weight more effectively but this is my first time learning how they compare to low-fat diets.

“All of those things do happen with carb reduction and you do lose body fat, but not as much as when you cut out the fat,” said lead researchers Dr. Kevin Hall, from the US-based National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases.

The American Cancer Society says that ounce for ounce, fats contain more calories than carbohydrates or proteins, but it’s important to keep in mind that just because something is low in fat doesn’t mean it is low in calories. In this case it seems that you should choose a low-carb diet since fats contain more calories.

A good rule of thumb when you’re reading food labels: For every 100 calories, if the product has 3 grams of fat or less, it’s a low-fat product. This means 30% or less of the calories come from fat.

In reality, any diet that you can stick to is the best for fat loss, regardless if the calories you cut are fats or carbs. This study just shows that you can pick a low-carb or low-fat diet and still lose weight because they require you to reduce calories which is the most important factor for fat loss.

Leeman Taylor
Bachelor Degree in Criminal Justice
Real Estate Investor & Internet Marketer

Source: Hall, Kevin D. et al. “Calorie for Calorie, Dietary Fat Restriction Results in More Body Fat Loss than Carbohydrate Restriction in People with Obesity” Cell Metabolism 13 August 2015

Coca-Cola’s Funded Research Says Exercise is Better for Fat Loss

Eating less has always been more important than exercising for weight loss, but according to Coca-Cola’s new funded research, dieting is not the answer.

Coca-Cola

Coca-Cola funds research group that says exercise is better for weight loss. Photo by Red Garage Ventures

Coca-Cola has funded over a million dollars to a new research organization claiming that exercise is the key factor to preventing obesity rather than reducing calories. However, research says cutting calories is the key player in fat loss and physical activity burns fewer calories and takes more time. Through my experience, eating less helps me lose weight faster but exercising keeps the weight off and tones me up.

“Diet is far more important for losing weight but in the long run, regular workouts are critical to keeping the weight off and staying fit”, says Philip Stanforth, a professor of exercise science at the University of Texas and the executive director of the Fitness Institute of Texas.

According to the New York Times, Steven Blair, a member of Global Energy Balance Network (GEBN), says that “blaming fast food” and sugary drinks as the cause of the obesity crisis is not the answer. This research group says that maintaining an active lifestyle and eating more calories is the key to preventing weight gain. Now that is absolutely ridiculous! Coke has just paid GEBN 1.5 million dollars to promote foolishness about weight loss!

I do agree that people who have lost weight and kept if off do exercise on a regular basis so it does make sense in that matter. However, research shows that diet plays a bigger role than exercise when you look at the bigger picture. Even if you are physically active on a daily basis but eat unhealthy, you can still develop serious health conditions such as type 2 diabetes or high blood pressure. In reality I think this entire Coca-Cola research campaign is just a front for the declining soda sales. They want to confuse the media and people struggling with weight loss with unreliable science.

Although exercise has its benefits such as muscle growth, stress relief and a faster metabolism, you will need a proper diet to lose weight effectively. From experience, I know sodas and other sugary drinks are not the answer to fat loss but reducing calories works much better and it’s easier. Ignore Coca-Cola’s new research group claims about just exercising to shed pounds and find a diet plan that works for you to lose weight properly and keep it off.

Leeman Taylor
Bachelor’s Degree in Criminal Justice
Real Estate Investor & Internet Marketer

Source: O’Connor, A. “Coca-Cola Funds Scientists Who Shift Blame for Obesity Away from Diets” The New York Times 9 Aug. 2015 http://well.blogs.nytimes.com

Weight Loss Surgery Benefits May Diminish Over Time

Weight-loss surgeries for obesity are very popular, often producing dramatic fat loss and reducing type-2 diabetes, according a new study. The problem is that patients regain weight and health problems return in the long run.

Laparoscopic Sleeve Gastrectomy

Weight loss surgery benefits for obesity fade over time, according to new study. Photo by Daryl S. Marx M.D.

Diet and exercise are essential for any long term weight loss from my experience but I understand this is very difficult for anyone who is already obese.

A new study published in JAMA Surgery reviewed patients’ files between one and five years who underwent laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG). It discovered that patients who had that kind of surgery encountered significant weight gain and a return of type 2 diabetes years later.

A sleeve gastrectomy is basically the removal of part of the stomach and creating a long, slim sleeve, or pouch, from the remaining section of the stomach, according to the U.S. National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Disease (NIDDK). When the size of the stomach is reduced it limits the amount of food you can consume. Also, it suppresses appetite, lowers blood sugar and changes gut hormones.

“Weight-loss surgery is not a panacea for weight loss over the long run,” said lead researcher Dr. Andrei Keidar, of the Beilinson Hospital in Petah Tikva, Israel.

Keidar says the main reason for weight regain is that the stomach dilates, which means you can eat more. The appetite returns so individuals can consume more and they desire to eat more (JAMA Surg.).

Data was collected on nearly 450 patients between April 2006 and February 2013. However, only 39 patients had a full follow-up by the fifth year after surgery. It seems patients either were ashamed or just became discouraged and did not want to report which could have ended in a biased study.

Patients lost 77 percent of their excess weight in the first year of surgery. Shockingly, they regained weight by the fifth year, resulting in only a 56 percent fat loss. Also, 51 percent of people eliminated type 2 diabetes in the first year. In the fifth year, only 20 percent were still clear of the disease, said researchers (JAMA Surg.).

I agree with Keidar that weight loss surgery is a “behavioral surgery”. If you do not switch up your lifestyle you will regain weight.

Even though patients may regain weight and develop diabetes again, I still believe weight-loss surgery is the best option for obese patients.

Leeman Taylor
Bachelor Degree in Criminal Justice
Real Estate Investor & Internet Marketer

Source: Golomb I, Ben David M, Glass A, Kolitz T, Keidar A. “Long-term Metabolic Effects of Laparoscopic Sleeve Gastrectomy” JAMA Surg. Published online August 05, 2015. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2015.2202.

Dementia Drugs Linked to Harmful Weight Loss

A class of medications used to treat dementia has been found to cause harmful weight loss in older patients, according to a new study.

Dementia Drugs & Weight Loss

Drugs used to treat dementia may lead to harmful weight loss, according to study. Photo by Alzheimer’s Disease and Dementia

This is very important information for me because my grandmother is 83 years old and sometimes shows signs of dementia. She used to take medication for temporary dementia and she lost a lot of weight so this was a great concern to me. Luckily she is no longer on medication for memory loss but she is still losing weight because she has not been having an appetite. The fact that drugs for dementia may lead to dangerous fat loss should be a major concern for any older adult.

In the study, researchers reviewed Veterans Administration data from 2007 to 2010 on about 3,500 patients diagnosed with dementia. About 30 percent of patients who were prescribed cholinesterase inhibitors lost weight within one year compared to 22 percent who were on other medications.

“Our study provides evidence in a large, real-world population that cholinesterase inhibitors may contribute to clinically significant weight loss in a substantial proportion of older adults with dementia,” study lead author Dr. Meera Sheffrin, a geriatrics fellow in the School of Medicine, at the University of California, San Francisco, said in a university news release.

For those of you who do not know, cholinesterase inhibitors include Razadyne (galantamine), Exelon (rivastigmine), and Aricept (donepezil). All medications come with side effects such as loss of appetite so it has been a struggle helping my grandmother with weight management.

“Weight loss is a concern, not only for patients but also for their overwhelmed caregivers, who keep struggling with multiple challenges, including providing their loved ones with appropriate foods to maintain weight, and deliver quality of care,” said Dr. Giselle Wolf-Klein, director of geriatric education at North Shore-LIJ Health System in New Hyde Park, N.Y.

I believe that doctors need to take a closer look when prescribing these drugs to older patients and weigh out the risks. If there are patients already on cholinesterase inhibitors and are experiencing severe weight loss, then slowly discontinuing that medication may be helpful. Patients with Alzheimer’s disease who face harmful weight loss may consider slowly discontinuing these medications as well, since the drugs only slow the illness down and does not stop it. Of course you have to consult and discuss all factors with your doctor before you make any major change.  If you or anyone you know are experiencing unhealthy weight loss and are on cholinesterase inhibitors, please consult your doctor immediately. Be safe and God bless!.

This study was published in the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society.

Leeman Taylor
Bachelor’s in Criminal Justice
Real Estate Investor & Internet Marketer

Source: Sheffrin MD et al. “Weight Loss Associated with Cholinesterase Inhibitors in Individuals with Dementia in a National Healthcare System” Journal of the American Geriatrics Society 3 Aug 2015

FDA Approves Weight Loss Balloon

Obese people seeking to lose weight now have a new option: a weight loss balloon that has been recently approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA). With more than a third of the U.S. population overweight or obese, this new device will be a very powerful tool for fat loss in my opinion.

ReShape Weight Loss Balloon

FDA approves new weight loss balloon to help patients lose weight by making them feel full. WebMD photo

The ReShape Dual Balloon is inserted through the mouth, into the stomach, and inflated with a sterile solution. The procedure only takes about 30 thirty minutes while the patient is mildly sedated.  It fills the space in the stomach to give you a feeling of fullness and it can be left there for up to six months (FDA). I believe this will be a better solution for patients who want to lose weight in a non-surgical manner instead of going through LAP band or gastric bypass surgery.

The approval of this weight loss device was based on a study of 326 obese individuals, with ages between 22 and 60, who had at least one obesity-related health issue. There were 187 people who lost an average of 14.3 pounds by the time the device was removed. Members who did not receive the weight loss balloon only lost 7.3 pounds on average. Six months later, patients who lost the initial 14.3 pounds kept about 10 pounds of that weight off (FDA). This is good news for those individuals who struggle with weight management after one year of reaching their fat loss goals.

“For those with obesity, significant weight loss and maintenance of that weight loss often requires a combination of solutions including efforts to improve diet and exercise habits,” said William Maisel, M.D., M.P.H., acting director of the Office of Device Evaluation at the FDA’s Center for Devices and Radiological Health. “This new balloon device provides doctors and patients with a new non-surgical option that can be quickly implanted, is non-permanent, and can be easily removed.”

I personally love natural weight loss which is physical activity and healthy eating. This was also recommended for patients who wish to keep the lost weight off after the balloon was removed according to the FDA press release. With this new weight loss balloon, patients have another option to fight obesity but like any other procedure, it comes with its side effects.

Some of the complications included discomfort during the procedure, rare cases of allergic reaction, infection and breathing difficulties, heart attack and esophageal tear, says the FDA. Also, patients may experience vomiting, abdominal pain, nausea, feelings of indigestion and gastric ulcers, adds the FDA.

I believe this new fat loss balloon by ReShape Medical Inc. is what obese or overweight people really need to help them lose weight and keep it off for good.

Leeman Taylor
Bachelor Degree in Criminal Justice
Real Estate Investor & Internet Marketer

Source: www.fda.gov “FDA approves non-surgical temporary balloon device to treat obesity” 28 July 2015 U.S. Food and Drug Administration

Obese People Unlikely to Achieve Weight Loss

Losing weight can be a struggle for anyone but a new weight loss study reveals that obese men and women have a very low chance of achieving even a five percent fat loss in a given year: 1 in 10 for women, and 1 in 12 for men. Women who are overweight face a one in 124 chance of returning to normal weight, while men have a one in 210 chance (American Journal of Public Health).

Obesity & Weight Loss

Obese people are unlikely to lose weight and keep it off, according to a new study. Photo by Think Progress

These findings were published in the American Journal of Public Health, which reviewed electronic health records of nearly 280,000 people who lived in England over a 9 year period. “What our findings suggest is that current strategies used to tackle obesity are not helping the majority of obese patients to lose weight and maintain that weight loss,” says lead researcher Alison Fildes, a research psychologist at the University College London. This means that new and effective ways for obesity management are urgent as the obesity rates are steady increasing.

It is obvious that the doctor’s advice of eating healthy and exercise are not enough to reduce the obesity rates and diet plans that promise quick and easy weight loss are irrelevant. “Losing 5 to 10 percent of your body weight has been shown to have meaningful health benefits and is often recommended as a weight loss target. These findings show how difficult it is for people with obesity to achieve and maintain even small amounts of fat loss,” said Dr. Alison Fildes, from the Division of Health and Social Care Research at King’s College London.

The healthiest weight loss happens at a rate between 1 and 2 pounds per week according to Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. This federal agency mentions that losing weight at this rate provides individuals with the best chance of keeping it off. I believe the best way to conquer obesity is to stop it before it happens. This can be done by educating the youth early about weight loss to make them aware and set up inventions for them. It is important that kids understand they are obese and help them with their weight management from the start.

The researchers decided that the best way to reduce obesity rates is through education, which is teaching the public how not to become obese in the first place. “The greatest opportunity for stemming the current obesity epidemic is in wider-reaching public health policies to prevent obesity in the population, “Martin Gulliford of KCL stated in a university press release. Although diet and exercise may be the best way to lose weight, I agree that public policies about weight management would be better for preventing obesity.

Leeman Taylor
Bachelor Degree in Criminal Justice
Real Estate Investor & Internet Marketer

Source: Fildes et al. “Probability of an Obese Person Attaining Normal Body Weight: Cohort Study Using Electronic Records” American Journal of Public Health 16 July 2015

Fat Loss With Intermittent Fasting

Reducing calories with intermittent fasting or daily, long-term calorie restriction for fat loss can seem strange, but it’s a diet strategy that has been around for a long time—and gaining recognition lately. New research demonstrates that intermittent fasting makes you cognitively sharper in addition to lowering your risk of chronic disease and possibly helping you live longer.

Intermittent Fasting for Fat Loss

Intermittent fasting may help you lose weight and improve cognitive performance, according to new study published in Cell Metabolism. Photo by Healthy Geeks

When I think about chronic fasting for weight loss, I instantly feel like I am starving myself by reducing calories but there is some good news! We may be able to receive some of those benefits from cutting our calorie intake just by five days each month, according to a new study published in Cell Metabolism.

Scientist from the University of South California, Los Angeles (UCLA) put 19 people on a diet for five days a month for three months. On the first day, the diet was restricted to 1,090 calories; days two through five allowed them 725 calories. On the rest of the days, the participants were given to opportunity to eat whatever they wanted (Cell Metabolism 2015). Their blood sugar and inflammatory levels improved in the end, even when they begin to eat normally.

These participants were surveyed by researchers and were given a carefully balanced diet so engaging in your own fasting diet is not always a good choice. Experts still don’t recommend long-term calorie restriction and intermittent fasting as a “one-size-fits-all” diet plan.

Fat loss involves diet and exercise so getting physical activity is a must if you are trying to lose weight effectively. Abs does start in the kitchen and that is why healthy eating is equally important as exercise. For those of you that are not completely sold on intermittent fasting for fat loss, here is a 725-caloire diet plan you can use:

Breakfast: Layer two rye crispbreads (55 calories) with sliceLayer Two Crisp Breads from ¼ avocado. Add a sliced boiled egg with a sprinkled of smoked salt.

 

Lunch: Try a large salad with 2 cups of lettuce, 1 cup cherry tomatoes, 1 sliced cucumber, 3 ounces of light tuna, 1/3 cup of thawed frozen corn, 2 teaspoons of red vinegar and 1 teaspoon of olive oil. Tuna salad

Dinner: Black bean soup. Add 1 cup of spinach to 1 cup of black bean soup (140 calories) with extra heat and water. Black bean soup

Desert or Snack: 1 cup of cherries.

 

 

 

Leeman Taylor
Bachelor Degree in Criminal Justice
Real Estate Investor & Internet Marketer

Source: Brandhorst, S. et al. “A Periodic Diet that Mimics Fasting Promotes Multi-System Regeneration, Enhanced Cognitive Performance, and Healthspan” Cell Metabolism www.cell.com 7 July 2015