Obese People Unlikely to Achieve Weight Loss

Losing weight can be a struggle for anyone but a new weight loss study reveals that obese men and women have a very low chance of achieving even a five percent fat loss in a given year: 1 in 10 for women, and 1 in 12 for men. Women who are overweight face a one in 124 chance of returning to normal weight, while men have a one in 210 chance (American Journal of Public Health).

Obesity & Weight Loss

Obese people are unlikely to lose weight and keep it off, according to a new study. Photo by Think Progress

These findings were published in the American Journal of Public Health, which reviewed electronic health records of nearly 280,000 people who lived in England over a 9 year period. “What our findings suggest is that current strategies used to tackle obesity are not helping the majority of obese patients to lose weight and maintain that weight loss,” says lead researcher Alison Fildes, a research psychologist at the University College London. This means that new and effective ways for obesity management are urgent as the obesity rates are steady increasing.

It is obvious that the doctor’s advice of eating healthy and exercise are not enough to reduce the obesity rates and diet plans that promise quick and easy weight loss are irrelevant. “Losing 5 to 10 percent of your body weight has been shown to have meaningful health benefits and is often recommended as a weight loss target. These findings show how difficult it is for people with obesity to achieve and maintain even small amounts of fat loss,” said Dr. Alison Fildes, from the Division of Health and Social Care Research at King’s College London.

The healthiest weight loss happens at a rate between 1 and 2 pounds per week according to Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. This federal agency mentions that losing weight at this rate provides individuals with the best chance of keeping it off. I believe the best way to conquer obesity is to stop it before it happens. This can be done by educating the youth early about weight loss to make them aware and set up inventions for them. It is important that kids understand they are obese and help them with their weight management from the start.

The researchers decided that the best way to reduce obesity rates is through education, which is teaching the public how not to become obese in the first place. “The greatest opportunity for stemming the current obesity epidemic is in wider-reaching public health policies to prevent obesity in the population, “Martin Gulliford of KCL stated in a university press release. Although diet and exercise may be the best way to lose weight, I agree that public policies about weight management would be better for preventing obesity.

Leeman Taylor
Bachelor Degree in Criminal Justice
Real Estate Investor & Internet Marketer

Source: Fildes et al. “Probability of an Obese Person Attaining Normal Body Weight: Cohort Study Using Electronic Records” American Journal of Public Health 16 July 2015

Fat Loss With Intermittent Fasting

Reducing calories with intermittent fasting or daily, long-term calorie restriction for fat loss can seem strange, but it’s a diet strategy that has been around for a long time—and gaining recognition lately. New research demonstrates that intermittent fasting makes you cognitively sharper in addition to lowering your risk of chronic disease and possibly helping you live longer.

Intermittent Fasting for Fat Loss

Intermittent fasting may help you lose weight and improve cognitive performance, according to new study published in Cell Metabolism. Photo by Healthy Geeks

When I think about chronic fasting for weight loss, I instantly feel like I am starving myself by reducing calories but there is some good news! We may be able to receive some of those benefits from cutting our calorie intake just by five days each month, according to a new study published in Cell Metabolism.

Scientist from the University of South California, Los Angeles (UCLA) put 19 people on a diet for five days a month for three months. On the first day, the diet was restricted to 1,090 calories; days two through five allowed them 725 calories. On the rest of the days, the participants were given to opportunity to eat whatever they wanted (Cell Metabolism 2015). Their blood sugar and inflammatory levels improved in the end, even when they begin to eat normally.

These participants were surveyed by researchers and were given a carefully balanced diet so engaging in your own fasting diet is not always a good choice. Experts still don’t recommend long-term calorie restriction and intermittent fasting as a “one-size-fits-all” diet plan.

Fat loss involves diet and exercise so getting physical activity is a must if you are trying to lose weight effectively. Abs does start in the kitchen and that is why healthy eating is equally important as exercise. For those of you that are not completely sold on intermittent fasting for fat loss, here is a 725-caloire diet plan you can use:

Breakfast: Layer two rye crispbreads (55 calories) with sliceLayer Two Crisp Breads from ¼ avocado. Add a sliced boiled egg with a sprinkled of smoked salt.

 

Lunch: Try a large salad with 2 cups of lettuce, 1 cup cherry tomatoes, 1 sliced cucumber, 3 ounces of light tuna, 1/3 cup of thawed frozen corn, 2 teaspoons of red vinegar and 1 teaspoon of olive oil. Tuna salad

Dinner: Black bean soup. Add 1 cup of spinach to 1 cup of black bean soup (140 calories) with extra heat and water. Black bean soup

Desert or Snack: 1 cup of cherries.

 

 

 

Leeman Taylor
Bachelor Degree in Criminal Justice
Real Estate Investor & Internet Marketer

Source: Brandhorst, S. et al. “A Periodic Diet that Mimics Fasting Promotes Multi-System Regeneration, Enhanced Cognitive Performance, and Healthspan” Cell Metabolism www.cell.com 7 July 2015

Diabetes Drug May Aid Weight Loss

Liraglutide (better known as Saxenda), a new injectable diabetes drug approved last year, helps patients who are obese or severely overweight lose weight, according to a new study.

Diabetes Drug May Aid Weight Loss

An injectable diabetes drug, liraglutide ( Saxenda), may help overweight people lose weight, according to a study published in the New England Journal of Medicine. Photo by Yourwellness

The most recent study of the drug, Saxenda, involved 3,700 individuals from six different continents and presented similar results to those in the previous trial: improved fat loss and control of blood sugars, but also several known side effects (New England Journal of Medicine 2015). These discoveries were published in the New England Journal of Medicine. I don’t usually recommend weight loss drugs to help individuals lose weight but this one was recently approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) back in December of last year.

Patients who injected Saxenda lost an average of 18 pounds over a year compared to an average of 6 pounds for those who took a placebo. The participants were also given a reduced-calorie diet and an increased exercise regimen along with the injections. Combining a healthy diet and physical activity is what makes any weight loss medication successful and that is exactly what happened in this study. Women who are pregnant can also benefit from liraglutide which is another advantage.

Sixty-three percent of those who got the injection lost more than 5 percent of their body weight compared to 27 percent who used a placebo. The drug “tends to decrease gastric emptying, the emptying of the stomach. And it gives signals to the brain to lower and increase satiety, said Dr. Xavier Pi-Sunyer of Colombia University Medical Center (New England Journal of Medicine 2015). In other words, this weight loss drug can act as an appetite suppressant to help you lower calories by making you feel full.

This drug is specifically for individuals who are overweight or obese with at least one related health condition, such as type 2 diabetes, high cholesterol or high blood pressure. The side effects of liraglutide (Saxenda) include nausea, diarrhea, pancreatitis and gall bladder abnormalities.

The study was funded by the drug’s creator, Novo Nordisk, in which the FDA required the company to conduct further safety testing showing the serious side effects. For people who are overweight or obese, this new diabetes drug may be a powerful option to finally conquer fat loss along with diet and exercise.

Leeman Taylor
Bachelor Degree in Criminal Justice
Real Estate Investor & Internet Marketer

Source: Xavier Pi-Sunyer, Arne Astrup, Ken Fujioka, et al “A Randomized, Controlled Trial of 3.0 mg of Liraglutide in Weight Management” The New England Journal of Medicine 2 July 2015

Daily Weigh-Ins May Help Weight Loss

For anyone seeking to lose weight and keep it off, using the scale every day and writing down your results is a simple fat loss strategy that works.

Daily Weigh-Ins Improve Weight Loss

Weighing yourself every day may improve weight loss, according to a study published in the Journal of Obesity Photo by Black Health Zone

According to a two-year Cornell study, recently published in the Journal of Obesity, self-weighing and tracking the results frequently on a chart were effective for both losing weight and keeping it off, especially for men (Journal of Obesity, 2015).

With two-thirds of adults in the U.S. overweight or obese (National Institutes of Health), obesity is a major issue and rates have been steadily increasing for the past five years.

In this study, 162 men and women were randomly separated into either a control group or experimental group. Those in the experimental group were asked to weigh themselves every day, at a consistent time and record their weight on the computer program set up by researchers. They were allowed to do anything they wanted to lose weight, and were given a weight loss goal of 1 percent. This is equal to cutting back about 150 calories per day for two weeks (Journal of Obesity, 2015).

“Because we didn’t prescribe, everyone found their own way of losing the weight, “whether they reduced portion size, stopped snacking or skipped a meal, said David Levitsky, professor of nutrition and psychology at Cornell. The overall good was to lose 10 percent of their initial body weight and maintain that weight for another year.

Only 8 percent reached that 10 percent goal, with another 28 percent losing about 5 percent of his or her total body weight. There was a huge difference between men and women, with men losing far more weight than women.

“It seems to work better for men than women, for reasons we cannot figure out yet,” Levitsky said.

I believe that stepping on the scale and tracking your results helps you realize what’s working for you and how your eating habits are affecting you. Levitsky says that all you need is a bathroom scale and an excel spreadsheet or even a piece a graph paper.

Participants that lost weight the first year in the program were able to keep it off throughout the second year. This is important because research shows that nearly 40 percent of weight on any diet plan is regained in one year while about 100 percent of weight loss is regained at five years.

Making small diet changes and daily physical activity is the key to weight loss but monitoring your weight daily is also important for weight management.

If you are ready to lose weight, using that scale and tracking your results on a spreadsheet every day may be the best option for you to conquer fat loss.

Leeman Taylor
Bachelor of Criminal Justice
Real Estate Investor & Internet Marketer

Source: Carly R. Pacanowski and David A. Levitsky, “Frequent Self-Weighing and Visual Feedback for Weight Loss in Overweight Adults,” Journal of Obesity, vol. 2015, Article ID 763680, 9 pages, 2015. doi:10.1155/2015/763680

If You Want to Lose Weight, Let Someone Else Choose Your Diet

Choosing your own diet for weight loss may yield less impressive results, according to a new study.

Let Doctor Choose Your Diet Plan

To lose weight, let someone else choose your diet plan. Photo by HealhTap

I always thought that is was better to choose your own diet plan and stick to it to lose weight, but this may backfire and lead to less weight loss, according to a new study published in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

Dr. William S. Yancy Jr. of the Durham VA Medical Center in North Carolina and his coauthors, divided 207 participants into two groups. One group was allowed to choose their preferred diet from two options, a low-carb or a low-fat diet plan (Ann. Intern Med. 2015). They were also allowed to switch diets after 12 weeks if they were not satisfied with their initial choice and the study lasted for 48 weeks. The other group was randomly assigned to one of the diets, regardless of their food choices, and did not get an option to change diet plans.

Patients who chose their diet lost slightly less weight compared to those who had no choice. After 48 weeks, the choice group lost an average of 12.6 pounds while the other group lost an average of 14.8 pounds.

I understand that a few pounds is not a big weight loss difference but it shows experts that there is another option to losing weight which is letting others such as doctors or physicians choose your diet plan.

“The difference in weight loss was not statistically significant,” admitted study author Dr. William Yancy Jr., a research associate in the Center for Health Services Research in Primary Care at Duke University in Durham, N.C. “The weight loss was similar between the two groups. It’s just that the direction of effect was not even in the expected direction.”

The study did not show long-term success for maintaining weight loss, and the difference in fat loss between the two groups was not statistically significant, therefore one might believe that picking a diet plan based on food preferences may be better in the long run (Ann. Intern Med. 2015).

“That is certainly a reasonable argument,” says Yancy. “However, for those who are looking for ways to enhance the weight-loss effects of lifestyle modification, choosing a diet based on food preferences does not seem to do that.”

I believe that the best diet for some people may be where they have to try new foods. I do not think it is a good idea to select food preferences that are high in calories as this could make it difficult to control portion size.

This study is just a reminder that to really lose weight, you must make healthy changes to your diet, even though they might not be changes you desire.

Leeman Taylor
Bachelor Degree in Criminal Justice
Real Estate Investor & Internet Marketer

Source: Yancy WS, Mayer SB, Coffman CJ, Smith VA, Kolotin RL, Geiselman PJ, et al. “Effect of Allowing Choice of Diet on Weight Loss: A Randomized Trial. Ann Inter Med. 2015

Some Diabetes Drugs May Help Weight Loss

A class of drugs that are used to treat diabetes seems to help individuals lose weight by altering how the brain reacts to food, according to a new study.

Diabetes Drugs May Help Weight Loss

Some Diabetes Drugs May Help Weight Loss. Photo by PreDiabetes Centers

Researchers have been trying to figure out how gut-hormone based medications known as GLP-1 receptor agonists also help individuals with type 2 diabetes lose extra pounds (HealthDay 2015 ).

A Dutch team stated that the drugs may reduce cravings and increase satisfaction while eating. This is good news for many people seeking weight loss but having trouble suppressing their appetite. The researchers looked specifically at the injectable GLP-1 receptor agonist exenatide.

Their discovery will be demonstrated at the American Diabetes Associations (ADA) yearly meeting in Boston on Tuesday. Studies that are presented at meetings are usually viewed as preliminary until they have been published in a peer-viewed journal. With that being said, we cannot jump to any conclusions just yet.

“When you eat, there are several hormones released. GLP-1 is one of them, “Dr. Liselotte van Bloemendaal, a Ph.D. student at the Diabetes Center, VU University Medical Center in Amsterdam, Holland, mentioned in an ADA news release.

“These hormones relay information to the center of the nervous system about nutritional status to regulate appetite. Using working MRI’s (which calculate brain activity by detecting changes in blood flow), we looked at the reward centers in the brains of obese individuals with and without type 2 diabetes and measured the response to the anticipation of and drinking of chocolate milk while being given GLP-1 receptor agonist intravenously versus placebo,” she explained.

When given the drug, the brain did not anticipate the food reward as much. The researchers said this could lead to reduced cravings (HealthDay 2015). The drug also seemed to increase the feeling of reward from food while people were eating, which might reduce overeating, according to van Bloemendaal. I understand that overeating is a major issue for people trying to lose weight and this GLP-1 receptor might be the perfect fat loss tool.

The findings may lead to new treatments for obesity, she said. Van Bloemendaal also wants to determine whether these drugs can reduce cravings for drugs, alcohol and nicotine. If so, people may be able to quit smoking and lose weight at the same time.

Leeman Taylor
Bachelor’s Degree in Criminal Justice
Real Estate Investor & Internet Marketer

Source: Preidt, R. “Certain Diabetes Drugs May Aid Weight Loss by Curbing Cravings” www.healthday.com June 9, 2015

Vitamin D Supplement Aids Weight Loss

Overweight Americans, who are vitamin D deficient, can now take a supplement of the nutrient to help them lose weight, according to a new Italian study (HealthDay 2015).

Vitamin D Aids Weight Loss

Vitamin D may help overweight individuals lose weight who are vitamin D deficient. Photo: Sathit/Shutterstock

I love vitamins because they are good for replacing the nutrients I need for my diet plan during weight loss efforts. Prior research has demonstrated that vitamin D deficiency is related to a risk of obesity and obesity-related issues, says led scientist Vigna of the University of Milan. The team mentioned that past research on the use of vitamin D deficiency to stop obesity has been indecisive thus far.

In northern Italy, it has been estimated that severe vitamin D deficiency varies from 6 percent in overweight people to 30 to 40 percent in morbidly obese individuals. Nearly all obese persons did not have a favorable vitamin D level.

The study consisted of 400 overweight or obese individuals with low vitamin D, who were to follow a low-calorie diet and then were separated into three groups. One group took no supplements, while the other two either took 100,000 international units (IU) or 25,000 IU of vitamin D each month.

After 6 months, people who took the supplements accomplished a significantly greater weight loss and reduction in waist circumference than those who took no supplements. The people who took 100,000 units lost an average of 5.4kg, while 3.8kg was the total fat loss for the 25,000 unit group (HealthDay 2015).

“The present data indicate that in obese and overweight people with vitamin D deficiency, vitamin D supplementation aids weight loss and enhances the beneficial effects of a reduced calorie diet,” Vigna team said. The scientists recommend that all obese and overweight individuals have their vitamin D levels checked.

It is important to note that the effects of vitamin D is only limited to those who actually have a vitamin D deficiency. Consuming the proper amounts of vitamins and minerals is important, said Dr. Christopher Ochner, an expert in nutrition, weight loss and obesity of The Mount Sinai Hospital in New York City. However, “this study does not suggest that everyone looking to lose weight should start taking large doses of vitamin D – or any other supplement,” he stressed, adding that “most individuals are not vitamin D-deficient.”

Vitamin D has the nickname “sunshine vitamin” because the body produces the nutrient when skin is exposed to the sun. People can also get vitamin D from foods such as eggs, milk, salmon, tuna, orange juice and cereal. If you are obese or overweight and vitamin D deficient, consult with your physician to see how taking this supplement may help you lose weight.

Leeman Taylor
Bachelor’s in Criminal Justice from FAMU
Real Estate Investor & Internet Marketer

Source: Preidt, R. “Vitamin D Supplements Might Help Some Lose Weight” HealthDay 2015

Weight Watchers, Jenny Craig Top Diet Plans for Weight Loss

Individuals seeking long-term weight loss should think about trying Weight Watchers or Jenny Craig, as a review of clinical trials ranks them top diet plans in a study (Ann. Intern. Med., 2015). Weight loss is a $2.5 billion growing industry with more than a third of adults obese in the United States. That is why commercial weight loss programs have become so popular but doctors still haven’t had much information to recommended specific programs.

Jennifer Hudson Weight Watchers - Weight Loss

Jennifer Hudson after her amazing weight loss with Weight Watchers. Glamaholic Photo

In the trial that lasted one year, Weight Watcher participants had at least a 2.6 percent greater weight loss than those who received only education. People who used Jenny Craig lost 4.9 percent more weight at 1 year compared to those who underwent education and counseling. Other weight-loss programs such as Nutrisystem resulted in a 3.8 percent greater fat loss, while Atkins had a 0.1% to 2.9% fat loss at 12 months.

I believe that weight loss programs that help individuals restrict calories with a strategic approach to making healthier diet choices is key to long-term weight loss. Other fat loss programs that focus strictly on supplements or prepackaged meals are not successful as Weight Watchers or Jenny Craig. Gudzune and researchers highlighted that “structure and intensity of contact” are highly correlated with program success.

Although diet and exercise are the key factors to weight loss, it seems that frequent coaching and making smart diet choices is what effects long-term weight loss the most. Clinicians may now consider referring obese or overweight patients to Jenny Craig or Weight Watchers as they are reviewed as top diet plans. Programs such as Nutrisystem, demonstrate promising fat-loss results; however, further research analyzing long-term weight loss outcomes are required.

Leeman Taylor
Senior Criminal Justice Major at Florida A&M University
Real Estate Investor & Internet Marketer

Source: Gudzune KA, Doshi RS, Mehta AK, Chaudhry ZW, Jacobs DK, Vakil RM, et al. “Efficacy of Commercial Weight-Loss Programs: An Updated Systematic Review” Annals of Internal Medicine 2015

Eating Chocolate Can Help You Lose Weight, According to Study

If you love eating chocolate, it may help you lose weight as well as satisfy your sweet cravings according to a new study in the International Archives of Medicine. Diet and exercise is essential for any weight loss plan so German researchers analyzed the effect chocolate has on your diets (Bohannon et al. 2015).

Eat Chocolate to Lose Weight

Eating chocolate that’s high in cocoa content can help you lose weight. Clipart Photo

Chocolate has always been one of my favorites when it comes to sweets but it’s good to know that it may also have effects on fat loss. During the study that lasted several weeks, men and women between the ages of 19-67 were divided into three groups. One group followed a low-carbohydrate diet while consuming 42 grams of dark (81%) chocolate each day, another group followed their normal diet, and a control group followed a strict low-carb diet. Besides noting their BMI and weight, participants were also asked to assess their quality of sleep and mental state.

Shockingly, people in the chocolate intervention group experienced the easier and most successful weight loss. Even though there was a delay in the measureable effect of this diet, the weight reduction of this group surpassed the results of the low-carb group by 10% after only three weeks. Furthermore, the fat loss continued, compared to the low-carb group which saw a weight gain after a few weeks.

The chocolate group also discovered a major improvement in their physical and mental well-being while blood cholesterol levels reduced.

For those of you who love chocolate, consumption with high cocoa content can drastically improve the success of weight-loss diets. “To our surprise, the effect of chocolate is real,” says Bohannon. “It is not enough to just consume chocolate, but in combination with exercise and reduction in carbohydrates, our data indicate that chocolate can be a weight loss accelerator.” Eat more chocolate, lose weight easier!

Leeman Taylor
Senior Criminal Justice Major at Florida A&M University
Real Estate Investor & Internet Marketer

Source: Bohannon et al. “Chocolate with high Cocoa content as a weight-loss accelerator” March 2015 International Archives of Medicine

Belly Fat Increased by Diet Sodas

Do you love diet sodas but still want to lose belly fat? If so, drinking diet sodas may not be a good idea according to a new study published in the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society. Researchers discovered that people who drank diet soda gained nearly 3 times the belly fat over 9 years as those who did not consume diet soda (J AM Geriatr Soc 2015).

Diet Soda Linked to Belly Fat

According to the Journal of the American Geriatric Society, people who drank diet soda gained about 3 times the belly fat over 9 years. ClipArt Photo

In the study, 749 individuals ages 65 and older were asked, every few years, how many cans of soda they consumed a day, and how many of those sodas were diet or regular.

The results were very predictive of abdominal-fat gain, even after the researchers adjusted for factors like smoking, levels of physical activity and diabetes. Individuals who did not drink diet soda gained approximately 0.8 in. around the waistline over the study period, but the ones who consumed diet soda every day gained 3.2 in. The people who fell between – occasional drinkers of diet soda – gained nearly 1.8 in.

This is quite shocking news to me because I always believed that diet sodas were a healthy choice for weight loss but now research shows it increases belly fat over time for women over 40 and 65. Visceral fat – the fat that surrounds the abdominal organs- is associated with increased cardiovascular disease, type-2 diabetes and inflammation which make this kind of fat the most dangerous. These findings, which authors refer to as “striking,” add to the rising body of evidence that no- and low-calorie sweeteners may contain some health concerns.

“Regular sugar has caloric consequences,” says the study’s senior author Dr. Helen Hazuda, professor of medicine at the University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio. And one of those is that it triggers satiety – a sense of fullness or satisfaction. “Your body is use to knowing that a sweet taste means you are ingesting energy in the form of calories that, if you don’t burn them off, is going to convert to fat,” she says. Artificial sweeteners, however, confuse our bodies and weaken the link in our brains between sweetness and calories. That, Hazuda says, can lead to weight gain and cravings for sweeter and sweeter treats.

On the other hand, the Caloric Control Council, an association that represents the reduced-caloric food and beverage industry- disagreed with the study’s finding. “The use of low-calorie sweeteners in fat loss have been shown to have benefits,” the group mentioned.

Researchers found that the belly-fat gain was most common in people who were already overweight. Hazuda says when people think they’re doing something good by drinking artificially sweetened drinks, it’s “actually totally counterproductive.” For the most part, if you are seeking to lose belly fat, it would be a wise idea to reduce those diet sodas and choose a healthier diet choice such as natural fruit juice or water for fat loss.

Leeman Taylor
Senior Criminal Justice Major at Florida A&M University
Real Estate Investor & Internet Marketer

Source: Hazuda, H. William, K. Fowler, S. “Diet Soda Intake is Associated with Long-Term Increases in Waist Circumference in a Biethnic Cohort of Older Adults: The San Antonio Longitudinal Study of Aging” 17 March 2015 Journal of the American Geriatrics Society