Tag Archives: Diabetes

Small Weight Loss Has Big Health Benefits

Obese people who lose just 5 percent of their body weight can reduce the risk of heart disease and Type 2 diabetes and increase their metabolic function, says a new study.

Small Weight Loss

Losing 5 percent of your body weight has reasonable health benefits, study says. Photo by New Pittsburgh Courier

There are many current treatment guidelines that recommend patients lose about 5 to 10 percent of their body weight in order to receive health benefits, but the recommendations were focused on prior studies that did not differentiate between individuals who lost only 5 percent of their body weight and those who lost more weight.

In this study, 40 obese individuals with signs of insulin resistance were randomized to either go on a low calorie diet to lose 5, 10 or 15 percent of their body weight or just maintain their body weight. According to the journal Cell Metabolism, the study found that 5 percent weight loss was enough to lower multiple risk factors for heart disease and type 2 diabetes. To put this in perspective, a 200-pound individual could lose just 10 pounds to improve their health profile. This is more encouraging in my opinion because it’s a realistic goal and it is much easier to achieve than losing 10 percent of that 200 pounds.

“Even though five percent weight loss may not have dramatic cosmetic benefits, it does have significant health benefits,” said the study’s author, Dr. Samuel Klein, director of the Center for Human Nutrition at Washington University School of Medicine. “You’re much healthier on the inside, and it’s a really reasonable and legitimate target for people with obesity.”

This study should be a reminder to obese people that a 5 percent weight loss is really a success and not a failure. Diet and exercise can be difficult for any individual overweight and when you do not see any immediate physical changes, you may feel discouraged. This study is a good example to remind you that you are actually fighting diseases and improving your overall health by losing a little weight.

Obesity is a major risk factor for chronic health conditions, such as diabetes, cancer and heart disease. Taking short walks and making small changes to your diet is a good way to start weight loss to improve your health today.

“Our findings show that even a small amount of weight loss has important health benefits for multiple organ systems,” Klein said. “We hope that these findings will encourage obese people to take reasonable steps to watch what they eat and increase their physical activity, because this will translate into a lower risk for diabetes and heart disease.”

To say the least, some weight loss is better than no weight loss at all or even making an honest effort. Just because you don’t see instant physical results it does not mean you are not becoming healthier inside. Losing just 5 percent of your body weight is really a success so this should be encouragement to keep losing weight and receiving the nice health benefits that come along with it.

Leeman Taylor
Bachelor Degree in Criminal Justice
Real Estate Investor & Internet Marketer

Source: Magkos, Faidon et al. “Effects of Moderate and Subsequent Progressive Weight Loss on Metabolic Function and Adipose Tissue Biology in Humans with Obesity” Cell Metabolism 22 February 2016

Weight Loss Can Reverse Type 2 Diabetes

Weight loss can reverse type 2 diabetes according to a new study at Newcastle. Over 9% of Americans have type 2 diabetes according to the American Diabetes Association so this is a serious chronic health condition that needs to be prevented.

Diabetes

Losing one gram of fat from the pancreas reverses type 2 diabetes, says study. Photo by Clinical Research of West Florida

Diabetes is an issue with your body that affects how blood glucose or sugar levels are maintained. Your body does not handle insulin properly and your pancreas cannot produce enough insulin to maintain normal blood sugar levels.

A new study conducted by the Newcastle University reveals that the disease is created by fat storage in the pancreas and losing more than one gram from the organ can restore insulin production and reverse the illness. The more grams of excess fat you lose the better your chances are for eliminating diabetes.

In the study, 18 obese individuals with type 2 diabetes were given gastric band surgery and put on a restricted diet for 2 months. They were cured of their condition and during the trial, patients between the age of 25 and 65 lost about thirteen percent of their body weight. They also lost 0.6 grams of fat from their pancreas which allowed the organ to release normal levels of insulin.

This is a great study because it reminds us of how important weight loss is and how diabetes is directly linked to fat stored in the pancreas. Keep in mind that you do have to lose a significant amount of weight just to lose that one gram of fat from the pancreas but it will help cure the disease according to the study. Low calorie diets do have the potential to reverse type 2 diabetes but they are not recommended by the researchers and surgery may be the best option if all else fails.

To find out if the results in this study can be duplicated, the researchers are planning a 2 year study with Glasgow University including 200 people. I find this study quite amazing because it actually breaks down exactly how much grams of weight you must lose to reverse type 2 diabetes and improve your insulin levels.

Diet and exercise may be difficult for many overweight or obese individuals but natural weight loss is very important even after you have surgery. Maintaining a healthy lifestyle is key to keeping the weight off and preventing serious health conditions such as type 2 diabetes, risk of cancer or stroke and even heart disease.

Now that we know how weight loss can reverse type 2 diabetes the next step is to improve our health by eating healthy and staying physical as much as possible. I would like to wish everyone a Merry Christmas and Happy New Years!

Leeman Taylor
Bachelor’s Degree in Criminal Justice
Real Estate Investor & Internet Marketer

Source: Knapton, Sarah “Type 2 diabetes can be cured through weight loss, Newcastle University finds” http://www.telegraph.co.uk/ 01 December 2015

Weight Loss Surgery Will Fight Type 2 Diabetes

Research has showed that weight loss surgery may eliminate type-2 diabetes in patients, and a new study discovers that the surgery may be long term. According to the diabetes, bariatric surgery is more effective than standard treatment for the short-term control of type-2 diabetes.

Gastric Bypass Weight Loss Surgery

Weight loss surgery is better than medications for fighting type-2 diabetes, according to study. Photo by Healthy Hippie

“This is a very important study because it’s the first randomized trial comparing diabetes to medical treatment of diabetes with five years of follow-up,” said Dr. Philip Schauer, who directs the Bariatric and Metabolic Institute at the Cleveland Clinic.

The study led by Dr. Francesco Rubino of King’s College London tracked 5-year outcomes of 60 obese patients who had type 2 diabetes. The patients were chosen at random to undergo either one of two weight loss surgery, or continue with traditional drug therapy to help manage their diabetes.

The results discovered that 50% of the 38 weight-loss surgery patients kept diabetes from reoccurring, compared to none of the 15 patients who were in the drug treatment group. It seems that bariatric surgery is a much better choice for fat loss and disease control than treatment programs in this case.

The researchers added that patients who had surgery also had lower blood sugar levels than those treated with drugs, despite of whether their diabetes went into full remission. “What really is causing the remission of diabetes after surgery remains unknown,” Dr. Rubino said. What is known, he added, is that the intestines produce a host of hormones involved in regulating metabolism. Reconstructing the gastrointestinal tract so that food bypasses the stomach and small intestine may help restore normal metabolic control, he explained.

Gastric bypass or biliopancreatic diversion was the only methods of weight loss surgery that was used during the trial and they both had their weaknesses. Patients who got gastric bypass had lesser nutritional side effects with a better quality of life overall while more people witnessed their diabetes go into remission with biliopancreatic diversion. With that being said, gastric bypass is probably the better choice for fighting type-2 diabetes.

Although this was a small trial, it seems that surgery is quite stable in the long run, at least for five years. The procedure seems to be safe with fairly low complication rates. The downside is that any weight loss surgery can be expensive and comes with risks. Insurance companies do not seem to favor covering costs for weight loss surgery and rather save money with medications. With this study, I believe insurance companies may reconsider and pay for more patients to have weight loss surgery to fight type-2 diabetes.

Leeman Taylor
Bachelor Degree in Criminal Justice
Real Estate Investor & Internet Marketer

Source: Mingrone, Geltrude et al.” Bariatric–metabolic surgery versus conventional medical treatment in obese patients with type 2 diabetes: 5 year follow-up of an open-label, single-centre, randomised controlled trial” The Lancet, Volume 386 , Issue 9997 , 964 – 973 August 2015

Diabetes Drug May Aid Weight Loss

Liraglutide (better known as Saxenda), a new injectable diabetes drug approved last year, helps patients who are obese or severely overweight lose weight, according to a new study.

Diabetes Drug May Aid Weight Loss

An injectable diabetes drug, liraglutide ( Saxenda), may help overweight people lose weight, according to a study published in the New England Journal of Medicine. Photo by Yourwellness

The most recent study of the drug, Saxenda, involved 3,700 individuals from six different continents and presented similar results to those in the previous trial: improved fat loss and control of blood sugars, but also several known side effects (New England Journal of Medicine 2015). These discoveries were published in the New England Journal of Medicine. I don’t usually recommend weight loss drugs to help individuals lose weight but this one was recently approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) back in December of last year.

Patients who injected Saxenda lost an average of 18 pounds over a year compared to an average of 6 pounds for those who took a placebo. The participants were also given a reduced-calorie diet and an increased exercise regimen along with the injections. Combining a healthy diet and physical activity is what makes any weight loss medication successful and that is exactly what happened in this study. Women who are pregnant can also benefit from liraglutide which is another advantage.

Sixty-three percent of those who got the injection lost more than 5 percent of their body weight compared to 27 percent who used a placebo. The drug “tends to decrease gastric emptying, the emptying of the stomach. And it gives signals to the brain to lower and increase satiety, said Dr. Xavier Pi-Sunyer of Colombia University Medical Center (New England Journal of Medicine 2015). In other words, this weight loss drug can act as an appetite suppressant to help you lower calories by making you feel full.

This drug is specifically for individuals who are overweight or obese with at least one related health condition, such as type 2 diabetes, high cholesterol or high blood pressure. The side effects of liraglutide (Saxenda) include nausea, diarrhea, pancreatitis and gall bladder abnormalities.

The study was funded by the drug’s creator, Novo Nordisk, in which the FDA required the company to conduct further safety testing showing the serious side effects. For people who are overweight or obese, this new diabetes drug may be a powerful option to finally conquer fat loss along with diet and exercise.

Leeman Taylor
Bachelor Degree in Criminal Justice
Real Estate Investor & Internet Marketer

Source: Xavier Pi-Sunyer, Arne Astrup, Ken Fujioka, et al “A Randomized, Controlled Trial of 3.0 mg of Liraglutide in Weight Management” The New England Journal of Medicine 2 July 2015

Some Diabetes Drugs May Help Weight Loss

A class of drugs that are used to treat diabetes seems to help individuals lose weight by altering how the brain reacts to food, according to a new study.

Diabetes Drugs May Help Weight Loss

Some Diabetes Drugs May Help Weight Loss. Photo by PreDiabetes Centers

Researchers have been trying to figure out how gut-hormone based medications known as GLP-1 receptor agonists also help individuals with type 2 diabetes lose extra pounds (HealthDay 2015 ).

A Dutch team stated that the drugs may reduce cravings and increase satisfaction while eating. This is good news for many people seeking weight loss but having trouble suppressing their appetite. The researchers looked specifically at the injectable GLP-1 receptor agonist exenatide.

Their discovery will be demonstrated at the American Diabetes Associations (ADA) yearly meeting in Boston on Tuesday. Studies that are presented at meetings are usually viewed as preliminary until they have been published in a peer-viewed journal. With that being said, we cannot jump to any conclusions just yet.

“When you eat, there are several hormones released. GLP-1 is one of them, “Dr. Liselotte van Bloemendaal, a Ph.D. student at the Diabetes Center, VU University Medical Center in Amsterdam, Holland, mentioned in an ADA news release.

“These hormones relay information to the center of the nervous system about nutritional status to regulate appetite. Using working MRI’s (which calculate brain activity by detecting changes in blood flow), we looked at the reward centers in the brains of obese individuals with and without type 2 diabetes and measured the response to the anticipation of and drinking of chocolate milk while being given GLP-1 receptor agonist intravenously versus placebo,” she explained.

When given the drug, the brain did not anticipate the food reward as much. The researchers said this could lead to reduced cravings (HealthDay 2015). The drug also seemed to increase the feeling of reward from food while people were eating, which might reduce overeating, according to van Bloemendaal. I understand that overeating is a major issue for people trying to lose weight and this GLP-1 receptor might be the perfect fat loss tool.

The findings may lead to new treatments for obesity, she said. Van Bloemendaal also wants to determine whether these drugs can reduce cravings for drugs, alcohol and nicotine. If so, people may be able to quit smoking and lose weight at the same time.

Leeman Taylor
Bachelor’s Degree in Criminal Justice
Real Estate Investor & Internet Marketer

Source: Preidt, R. “Certain Diabetes Drugs May Aid Weight Loss by Curbing Cravings” www.healthday.com June 9, 2015

High Intensity Workouts Better for Lowering Blood Sugar

Cardio exercise, such as biking or running, is understood to be the key to weight loss but what about high-intensity workouts? According to a new study published in the Annals of Internal Medicine, cardiovascular workouts with high-intensity may be better for your heart in lowering blood sugar and fat loss, than lower intensity workouts (Ross R, Hudson R, Stotz PJ, Lam M. 2015).

High-Intensity Workouts Better for Weight Loss

High-intensity workouts like running or boxing have been shown to help lower blood sugar levels. Photo by Sante Fe Spa

Boxing and running are my favorite cardio exercises so I often engage in high-intensity exercises when I have time after class. Researchers studied 300 abdominally obese adults to determine the separate effects of exercise amounts and intensity on glucose tolerance. Individuals were selected to perform either long, lower intensity workouts or short, high intensity workouts five times per week. They were instructed to eat a healthy diet but did not reduce caloric intake.

After 6 months, all individuals had identical reductions in waistline, but only participants in the high intensity workout group obtained reduction in 2-hour glucose levels. This means by adding more intensity to your daily weight loss routine, you can significantly lower your blood sugar levels. This is a great female fat loss tip that’s easy to implement by adding weights that gives you a more challenging workout. Men like me can add dumbbells or weights on our body suits for higher intensity.

According to Robert Ross, a researcher at Queen’s University in Kingston, Ontario, “Higher intensity can be achieved simply by increasing the incline while walking on a treadmill or walking at a brisker pace,” Ross says. Anyone can add high intensity to their workouts and those small changes do improve your strength over time if you stay consistent.

Although high intensity exercises may have some special health benefits, this study showed that any physical activity is better than none. Individuals who exercised lost 5-6% of their body weight. I agree that health organizations should consider intensity as well, instead of issuing guidelines on the time spent while exercising for fat loss.

Leeman Taylor
Senior Criminal Justice Major at Florida A&M University
Real Estate Investor. Internet Marketer

Source: Ross R, Hudson R, Stotz PJ, Lam M. Effects of Exercise Amount and Intensity on Abdominal Obesity and Glucose Tolerance in Obese Adults: A Randomized Trial. Ann Intern Med. 2015;162:325-334. doi:10.7326/M14-1189

Lose Weight With Time-Restricted Diets

Losing weight without counting your calories may seem unusual, but according to researchers at Salk Institute, a simple 12-hour eating period could be the key to weight loss. Snacking during bedtime has become a bad habit for many of us and it seems that burning calories continues to be a struggle. The results of this new study by researchers at the Salk Institute published in Cell Metabolism, suggests that it’s not only what we consume but when we eat it that matters the most (Salk Institute 2014).

Lose Weight

Lose weight with a time-restricted diet. Clip Art photo

Back in 2012, Satchidananda Panda, a Salk associate professor, demonstrated that mice which were fed a high-fat diet, but granted access to that diet for just 8 hours per day, were healthier and smaller than mice given access to the exact same food for the entire day, although the two groups consumed the same amount of calories. This new study demonstrates that the benefits of time limitation is shockingly more important than initially thought and can reverse diabetes and obesity (Salk Institute 2014).

In these days, most of the advice about how to lose weight involves nutrition or changing your diet. But what if you don’t have access to a healthy diet? Panda and his researchers sought out to find how forgiving time-restricted feeding was so he and his group subjected approximately 400 mice to a variety of diets and lengths of time restrictions (Salk Institute 2014). They discovered that the benefits of time-restricted feeding showed up regardless of the weight of the mouse, type of diet and length of the time restriction. The mice were given time limitations of 9 to 12 hours-and ate the same amount of daily calories as their unrestricted counterparts- gained less weight than the controlled subjects regardless of whether their diets were high in fat (Salk Institute).

This study basically shows that you can consume a high fat diet as long as you limit yourself to when you eat and still lose weight. Time-restriction seems to be the key in this study because the amount of calories and the type of diet didn’t make any difference. I believe that when you give your body time to disgust and break down the food, it has a positive effect on your metabolism which in turn helps you burn more calories. Eating a high fat diet between a 9 to 12-hour-window doesn’t seem difficult at all because many of us are busy working long hours to begin with.

High-Fat Diets - Time-Restriction

You can still lose weight if you consume a high-fat diet within a 9 or 12 hour window. Image by © Royalty

Researchers issued some of the time-limited mice a short period of relief on weekends, allowing them free access to high-fat diets for these two days. These mice had less fat mass and gained less weight than the ones allowed a freely available, high-fat meal the entire time. Furthermore, the mice that were fed freely just on weekends appeared much similar as the mice given access to food 9 or 12 hours a day for 7 days a week, meaning that the diet can withstand some temporary interruptions (Salk Institute). The most shocking fact is that it doesn’t matter what the diet is or what period of the week it is because it worked on the weekends as well.

One of the most important facts is that the mice that were already obese by eating a freely available high-fat diet, lost weight by 5 percent within a few days, when researchers restricted their food access to a 9-hour window. Eating this way stopped the mice from gaining more weight (by nearly 25% by the end of a 38-week study) compared to the group kept on the freely available high-fat diet. This study by Panda and his researchers is a great set-up experiment for future research on the causes of diabetes, says Panda. The next step is to investigate the effects of time-restricted diets in humans. Until next time, take care and God bless!

Source: Salk Institute www.salk.edu “Another case against the midnight snack” 2 December 2014
Leeman Taylor
Senior Criminal Justice Major at Florida A&M University
Real Estate Investor and Internet Marketer

Working Long Hours Linked to Type 2 Diabetes

Working long hours can increase the risk of type 2 diabetes in workers of lower socioeconomic status, according to a new study.

In 2012, over 9% of the population had diabetes and diabetes remains the 7th leading cause of death in the United States. These numbers is evidence that type 2 diabetes is a serious matter, especially for African Americans or blacks, as we are diagnosed with diabetes at a 13.2% rate. (National Diabetes Statistics Report 2014).

Diabetes

Working long hours can lead to risk of type 2 diabetes. Photo credit: Clipart.com

In this new study released by The Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology, researchers used unpublished and published data from 19 cohort studies and over 222,000 individuals from different countries. When workers of lower socioeconomic status worked more than 50 hours per week, the risk of type 2 diabetes increased by nearly 30%. I do understand that often times as single parents you do have to work long hours to make ends meet but it is taking a toll on your health. It is important to find time to exercise for at least one hour a day and try to cook healthy meals for work.

When you work long hours, you barely have enough time to sleep, you are under stress a lot, you eat unhealthy and you don’t get adequate exercise like you should. This lifestyle can also lead to cardiovascular disease and other serious health issues.

The mechanisms underlying the association between long working hours and diabetes in the low socioeconomic status group are still unknown. There are 3 different ways in which long hours could be hazardous. The first one is suffering personal hardships from low pay, then sleep deprivation and the last one relates to other indirect mechanisms. This effect could be due to deleterious consequences of working long hours on personal growth and fulfillment, and happiness but the link to the risk of physical disease remains tenuous (Kivimaki et al. 2014).

How to Prevent Type 2 Diabetes

Even though being overweight increases the risk of diabetes, the good news is that 45 minutes or more of daily physical activity, will help you prevent type 2 diabetes (Dept. of Health and Human Services 2004). Today you will learn some proven ways to help you prevent diabetes and become a healthier person in the future.

The first thing you want to focus on is reducing your portion size. Try to keep your meat and fish servings to about three ounces (size of deck of cards). Fish happens to be my favorite meat but I still only eat it about once per week. White meats are always the better choice because they are lean. Make sure you eat breakfast each day and eat small meals throughout the day to keep your metabolism going. I believe this is the best diet plan because you don’t have to eliminate the foods you love. Just reduce your portion size and eat less often (Dept. of Health and Human Services 2004).

Prevent Type 2 Diabetes

Diet and exercise will help prevent type 2 diabetes.

The next important way to prevent diabetes is adding more physical activity to your daily lifestyle. If you have kids, you can turn on some music at home and show your kids how you use to dance. When going to work, taking the stairs instead of the elevator is good exercise when you are at your job. You can’t go wrong either by taking a quick walk in the park with a friend; this is good for motivation and a nice way to benefit from cardio exercise.

Making healthy food choices such as snacking on fruits and vegetables during the day and recording everything you eat will help you reduce the risk of diabetes so eat smart. I like to bring crackers and nuts to work because the protein and fiber in these foods help me stay fuller longer. When grocery shopping, pay attention to the food labels and select foods with reduced fat, saturated fat, calories, and salt. Stay away from those types of foods as they will increase your blood pressure greatly.

Many individuals may not know this but nurturing your mind, body, and soul is another great way to prevent type 2 diabetes. Activities such as yoga or reading a book, relaxes your mind and reduces stress. Focus on keeping a cool, clear mindset and think positively as much as possible. Deep breathing and meditation can reduce a lot of tension and has indirect effects of preventing diabetes at the same time (Dept. of Health and Human Services 2004).

Although diet and exercise are the most important factors of preventing type 2 diabetes, you must understand that adverse health effects of working long hours. This new study published recently in the journal of the Lancet Diabetes and Endocrinology, proves that working 55 hours or more per week is associated with an increased risk of type 2 diabetes in low socioeconomic status groups so be aware of that. With that being said I wish you all the best on your goals and success so stay positive and God bless.

Leeman Taylor
Senior Criminal Justice Major at Florida A&M University
Real Estate Investor and Internet Marketer

Sources:

  1. Kivimäki et al.Long working hours, socioeconomic status, and the risk of incident type 2 diabetes: a meta-analysis of published and unpublished data from 222,120 individuals thelancet.com The Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology- 25 September 2014
  2. Washington, D.C.: Dept. of Health and Human Services, 2004 www.webharvest.gov