Tag Archives: overweight

Fewer Americans Try to Lose Weight

More US adults are overweight or obese, but a lot of Americans have just given up on trying to lose those extra pounds, a new study reveals.

Fewer Americans Are Trying to Lose Weight

Fewer Americans are trying to lose weight, study says. Photo by Stoner Days

One in every three Americans are overweight, compared with one in five 2 decades ago, researchers report. It seems that adults were more interested in weight loss years ago but now have lost interest somehow.

People who were observed between 2009 and 2014 were 17 percent less likely overall to say they had tried to lose weight during the previous year than those observed between 1988 and 1994, the study discovered.

Individuals who were overweight but not quite obese have went through the greatest loss of interest in maintaining a healthy weight, said senior researcher Dr. Jian Zhang.

“This is not good. We are missing the opportunity to stop overweight from becoming obesity,” said Zhang, who is an associate professor of epidemiology with Georgia Southern University. You can start to see even the younger generation become overweight which is another problem we are facing.

Zhang and his colleagues studied data from the U.S. National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, a federally funded ongoing survey that keeps track of Americans’ health and diet habits.

All ethnic and racial groups across both genders reported decreased interest in losing weight, but women in particular were more likely to say they had given up on it, the findings showed.

By 2014, black women were 31 percent less likely to have tried weight loss compared with 20 years prior, and white women were 27 percent less likely to have made the attempt, the researchers found.

People might be giving up on weight loss because it’s just too difficult, Zhang said.

“It’s painful,” he explained. “It’s hard to drop pounds. Many of us tried and failed, tried and failed, and finally failed to try anymore.” Finding a diet and exercise plan that is easy to follow is difficult and staying dedicated is another issue that we go through.

Modern medicine has also improved on preserving the overall health of individuals, perhaps causing them to ask why they should bother, Zhang said. Everyday there seems to be some sort of a new pill that will improve your health or increase your life expectancy.

Many might not take weight loss seriously because evidence shows that adults overweight may live as long or even longer than normal-weight adults. Since more than half are overweight, we may think we are okay, and it is not necessary to change our body weight.

Dr. Mitchell Roslin, chief of obesity surgery for Lenox Hill Hospital in New York City, mentioned that conflicting diet advice also probably dissuades many from trying to shed some pounds.

“First they were told don’t eat fat, and now we are telling patients to reduce simple carbohydrates,” Roslin said. “While I believe that reducing carbohydrates is key, what the public hears is, ‘I might as well eat what I like because all this advice has not worked.'”

I believe doctors, public health officials and the media should do a better job at binging awareness to living healthy. The ups and downs of losing weight is frustrating and the health risks of being overweight should be emphasized with better education.

Zhang said that future efforts to improve public health should focus on lifestyle changes that promote healthy eating and exercise for everyone, rather than an emphasis on losing weight.

I agree that prevention is the better way to tackle overweight and obesity, so further efforts should focus on just that to get Americans back interested in weight loss.

Source: Jian Zhang, M.D., DrPH, associate professor,  epidemiology, Georgia Southern University, Statesboro, Ga.; Mitchell Roslin, M.D., chief, obesity surgery, Lenox Hill Hospital, New York City; Rajpal Chopra, M.D., endocrinologist, Northwell Health’s Long Island Jewish Forest Hills, Forest Hills, N.Y.; March 7, 2017, Journal of the American Medical Association

Leeman Taylor
Bachelor Degree in Criminal Justice
Real Estate Investor & Internet Marketer

Small Weight Loss Has Big Health Benefits

Obese people who lose just 5 percent of their body weight can reduce the risk of heart disease and Type 2 diabetes and increase their metabolic function, says a new study.

Small Weight Loss

Losing 5 percent of your body weight has reasonable health benefits, study says. Photo by New Pittsburgh Courier

There are many current treatment guidelines that recommend patients lose about 5 to 10 percent of their body weight in order to receive health benefits, but the recommendations were focused on prior studies that did not differentiate between individuals who lost only 5 percent of their body weight and those who lost more weight.

In this study, 40 obese individuals with signs of insulin resistance were randomized to either go on a low calorie diet to lose 5, 10 or 15 percent of their body weight or just maintain their body weight. According to the journal Cell Metabolism, the study found that 5 percent weight loss was enough to lower multiple risk factors for heart disease and type 2 diabetes. To put this in perspective, a 200-pound individual could lose just 10 pounds to improve their health profile. This is more encouraging in my opinion because it’s a realistic goal and it is much easier to achieve than losing 10 percent of that 200 pounds.

“Even though five percent weight loss may not have dramatic cosmetic benefits, it does have significant health benefits,” said the study’s author, Dr. Samuel Klein, director of the Center for Human Nutrition at Washington University School of Medicine. “You’re much healthier on the inside, and it’s a really reasonable and legitimate target for people with obesity.”

This study should be a reminder to obese people that a 5 percent weight loss is really a success and not a failure. Diet and exercise can be difficult for any individual overweight and when you do not see any immediate physical changes, you may feel discouraged. This study is a good example to remind you that you are actually fighting diseases and improving your overall health by losing a little weight.

Obesity is a major risk factor for chronic health conditions, such as diabetes, cancer and heart disease. Taking short walks and making small changes to your diet is a good way to start weight loss to improve your health today.

“Our findings show that even a small amount of weight loss has important health benefits for multiple organ systems,” Klein said. “We hope that these findings will encourage obese people to take reasonable steps to watch what they eat and increase their physical activity, because this will translate into a lower risk for diabetes and heart disease.”

To say the least, some weight loss is better than no weight loss at all or even making an honest effort. Just because you don’t see instant physical results it does not mean you are not becoming healthier inside. Losing just 5 percent of your body weight is really a success so this should be encouragement to keep losing weight and receiving the nice health benefits that come along with it.

Leeman Taylor
Bachelor Degree in Criminal Justice
Real Estate Investor & Internet Marketer

Source: Magkos, Faidon et al. “Effects of Moderate and Subsequent Progressive Weight Loss on Metabolic Function and Adipose Tissue Biology in Humans with Obesity” Cell Metabolism 22 February 2016

‘Balloon In A Pill’ May Aid Weight Loss

What if swallowing a pill was an easy weight loss option? New research suggest that taking a pill packed with a gastric balloon inside may help you lose weight by suppressing your appetite. With diet and exercise combined, this could be an effective weight loss tool in my opinion.

Elipse Weight Loss Device

A new gastric balloon pill may aid weight loss, according to the American Society for Metabolic & Bariatric Surgery Photo by LeadDoc

When the pill is taken it dissolves in the stomach where the balloon is pumped with distilled water through a small catheter. The catheter is then removed through the mouth. This seems like a simple and harmless procedure that any adult can handle compared to other high risk procedures.

If the procedure goes well, the 19 ounce ball of water fills the stomach and greatly reduces the amount of food a person can eat before feeling full. The balloon is automatically deflated after approximately four months and the small shell is naturally expelled.

This Allurion device, known as Elipse, has not been tested in America for U.S. Drug and Food Administration approval and may not be available for another few years, researchers say. On the other hand, research including 34 people in Greece and Czech Republic suggests that this minor procedure seems effective and safe.

Researchers reported that patients lost an average of 22 pounds within four months. However, experts noted that this device is not a cure for weight loss but rather an aid. I believe letting your doctor help you find a diet plan that fits your lifestyle along with this gastric balloon is very effective for weight loss. You will be able to control your portions and eat less because your appetite will be suppressed.

“Because patients get used to feeling full so much quicker with the device, they learn portion and get used to eating less,” said study author Dr. Ram Chuttani, director of interventional gastroenterology and endoscopy at Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center in Boston. “We anticipate that the improved eating habits patients develop will mean that a significant amount of the weight will stay off, even when the balloon is no longer in place.” I like that fact that the weight loss benefits still continue even after the balloon is gone.

Previous tracking of traditional gastric balloon patients suggests there are long-term benefits. For instance, Chuttani said that after twelve months patients usually keep off about half the weight lost while the balloon was implanted. That number drops to nearly 30 percent five years after the procedure, he said.

Side effects among Elipse patients include nausea and vomiting just as with traditional gastric balloons.

To say the least, this gastric balloon pill can be effective and safe for overweight individuals with a BMI of at least 27, who is struggling to lose weight. BMI is a measurement of body fat based on height and weight. Although this is a small study that has not yet been FDA approved, I still think it is a promising weight loss tool to help fight obesity.

Leeman Taylor
Bachelor Degree in Criminal Justice
Real Estate Investor & Internet Marketer

Source: Ram Chuttani, M.D., director, endoscopy, and chief, interventional gastroenterology, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Boston; John Morton, M.D., president, American Society for Metabolic and Bariatric Surgery, and chief, bariatric and minimally invasive surgery, Stanford University; Nov. 5, 2015, presentation, Obesity Week, Los Angeles

Doctor’s Support Helps Weight Loss, Says Study

Doctor’s play a major role in helping patients with weight loss, says study.

Doctor With Obese Patient

Doctor’s support can help patients boost weight loss, says study. Photo by 123RF

Fat loss was double on average for people overweight who believed they had the most support from their physicians, compared to those who believed their physicians were not as helpful, researchers said. My parents always follow the advice from their doctors and I believe that is why they were so successful with weight loss. Cutting out the fried foods, processed foods and going on daily walks is what really improved their health.

According to the study, about 350 people participated in a U.S. government funded clinical trial on fat loss. Participants filled out two surveys at the end of the study which included questions about their relationships with their primary physicians.

Patients lost an average of 11 pounds that gave their doctors the highest ratings on helpfulness. However, the ones who gave their physicians the lowest ratings on helpfulness only lost 5 pounds. This means that doctors really have a big impact on a patient’s success with fat loss and having a close relationship with them is very important.

This study can be found in the Journal of Patient Education and Counseling. I believe these findings can inspire weight loss programs to give primary physicians a big role to ensure the success of obese patients struggling to lose weight. Weight loss programs make billions of dollars each year and over 34 percent of U.S adults are currently overweight, according the National Institutes of Health statistics. For women who are struggling to lose weight, there is a program called the Venus Factor that focuses on the leptin hormone. The leptin hormone sends signals to the brain telling your body when to stop eating and control your appetite. The Venus Factor shows you ways to control it plus it comes with a 12 weeks diet plan to help women lose a few pounds.

“This trial supports other evidence that providers are very important in their patients’ weight-loss efforts,” Dr. Wendy Bennett, an assistant professor of medicine in the School of Medicine, said in a university news release. If patients follow their primary doctor’s advice I am sure they will stay motivated and have a better chance at improving their health. Dr. Bennett agrees by saying, “Incorporating physicians into future programs might lead patients to more successful weight loss.”

Leeman Taylor
Bachelor Degree in Criminal Justice
Real Estate Investor & Internet Marketer

Source: Bennett W, et al. Satisfaction with primary care provider involvement is associated with greater weight loss: Results from the practice-based POWER trial. Patient Education & Counseling. 2015.

FDA Approves Weight Loss Balloon

Obese people seeking to lose weight now have a new option: a weight loss balloon that has been recently approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA). With more than a third of the U.S. population overweight or obese, this new device will be a very powerful tool for fat loss in my opinion.

ReShape Weight Loss Balloon

FDA approves new weight loss balloon to help patients lose weight by making them feel full. WebMD photo

The ReShape Dual Balloon is inserted through the mouth, into the stomach, and inflated with a sterile solution. The procedure only takes about 30 thirty minutes while the patient is mildly sedated.  It fills the space in the stomach to give you a feeling of fullness and it can be left there for up to six months (FDA). I believe this will be a better solution for patients who want to lose weight in a non-surgical manner instead of going through LAP band or gastric bypass surgery.

The approval of this weight loss device was based on a study of 326 obese individuals, with ages between 22 and 60, who had at least one obesity-related health issue. There were 187 people who lost an average of 14.3 pounds by the time the device was removed. Members who did not receive the weight loss balloon only lost 7.3 pounds on average. Six months later, patients who lost the initial 14.3 pounds kept about 10 pounds of that weight off (FDA). This is good news for those individuals who struggle with weight management after one year of reaching their fat loss goals.

“For those with obesity, significant weight loss and maintenance of that weight loss often requires a combination of solutions including efforts to improve diet and exercise habits,” said William Maisel, M.D., M.P.H., acting director of the Office of Device Evaluation at the FDA’s Center for Devices and Radiological Health. “This new balloon device provides doctors and patients with a new non-surgical option that can be quickly implanted, is non-permanent, and can be easily removed.”

I personally love natural weight loss which is physical activity and healthy eating. This was also recommended for patients who wish to keep the lost weight off after the balloon was removed according to the FDA press release. With this new weight loss balloon, patients have another option to fight obesity but like any other procedure, it comes with its side effects.

Some of the complications included discomfort during the procedure, rare cases of allergic reaction, infection and breathing difficulties, heart attack and esophageal tear, says the FDA. Also, patients may experience vomiting, abdominal pain, nausea, feelings of indigestion and gastric ulcers, adds the FDA.

I believe this new fat loss balloon by ReShape Medical Inc. is what obese or overweight people really need to help them lose weight and keep it off for good.

Leeman Taylor
Bachelor Degree in Criminal Justice
Real Estate Investor & Internet Marketer

Source: www.fda.gov “FDA approves non-surgical temporary balloon device to treat obesity” 28 July 2015 U.S. Food and Drug Administration

Obese People Unlikely to Achieve Weight Loss

Losing weight can be a struggle for anyone but a new weight loss study reveals that obese men and women have a very low chance of achieving even a five percent fat loss in a given year: 1 in 10 for women, and 1 in 12 for men. Women who are overweight face a one in 124 chance of returning to normal weight, while men have a one in 210 chance (American Journal of Public Health).

Obesity & Weight Loss

Obese people are unlikely to lose weight and keep it off, according to a new study. Photo by Think Progress

These findings were published in the American Journal of Public Health, which reviewed electronic health records of nearly 280,000 people who lived in England over a 9 year period. “What our findings suggest is that current strategies used to tackle obesity are not helping the majority of obese patients to lose weight and maintain that weight loss,” says lead researcher Alison Fildes, a research psychologist at the University College London. This means that new and effective ways for obesity management are urgent as the obesity rates are steady increasing.

It is obvious that the doctor’s advice of eating healthy and exercise are not enough to reduce the obesity rates and diet plans that promise quick and easy weight loss are irrelevant. “Losing 5 to 10 percent of your body weight has been shown to have meaningful health benefits and is often recommended as a weight loss target. These findings show how difficult it is for people with obesity to achieve and maintain even small amounts of fat loss,” said Dr. Alison Fildes, from the Division of Health and Social Care Research at King’s College London.

The healthiest weight loss happens at a rate between 1 and 2 pounds per week according to Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. This federal agency mentions that losing weight at this rate provides individuals with the best chance of keeping it off. I believe the best way to conquer obesity is to stop it before it happens. This can be done by educating the youth early about weight loss to make them aware and set up inventions for them. It is important that kids understand they are obese and help them with their weight management from the start.

The researchers decided that the best way to reduce obesity rates is through education, which is teaching the public how not to become obese in the first place. “The greatest opportunity for stemming the current obesity epidemic is in wider-reaching public health policies to prevent obesity in the population, “Martin Gulliford of KCL stated in a university press release. Although diet and exercise may be the best way to lose weight, I agree that public policies about weight management would be better for preventing obesity.

Leeman Taylor
Bachelor Degree in Criminal Justice
Real Estate Investor & Internet Marketer

Source: Fildes et al. “Probability of an Obese Person Attaining Normal Body Weight: Cohort Study Using Electronic Records” American Journal of Public Health 16 July 2015

Diabetes Drug May Aid Weight Loss

Liraglutide (better known as Saxenda), a new injectable diabetes drug approved last year, helps patients who are obese or severely overweight lose weight, according to a new study.

Diabetes Drug May Aid Weight Loss

An injectable diabetes drug, liraglutide ( Saxenda), may help overweight people lose weight, according to a study published in the New England Journal of Medicine. Photo by Yourwellness

The most recent study of the drug, Saxenda, involved 3,700 individuals from six different continents and presented similar results to those in the previous trial: improved fat loss and control of blood sugars, but also several known side effects (New England Journal of Medicine 2015). These discoveries were published in the New England Journal of Medicine. I don’t usually recommend weight loss drugs to help individuals lose weight but this one was recently approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) back in December of last year.

Patients who injected Saxenda lost an average of 18 pounds over a year compared to an average of 6 pounds for those who took a placebo. The participants were also given a reduced-calorie diet and an increased exercise regimen along with the injections. Combining a healthy diet and physical activity is what makes any weight loss medication successful and that is exactly what happened in this study. Women who are pregnant can also benefit from liraglutide which is another advantage.

Sixty-three percent of those who got the injection lost more than 5 percent of their body weight compared to 27 percent who used a placebo. The drug “tends to decrease gastric emptying, the emptying of the stomach. And it gives signals to the brain to lower and increase satiety, said Dr. Xavier Pi-Sunyer of Colombia University Medical Center (New England Journal of Medicine 2015). In other words, this weight loss drug can act as an appetite suppressant to help you lower calories by making you feel full.

This drug is specifically for individuals who are overweight or obese with at least one related health condition, such as type 2 diabetes, high cholesterol or high blood pressure. The side effects of liraglutide (Saxenda) include nausea, diarrhea, pancreatitis and gall bladder abnormalities.

The study was funded by the drug’s creator, Novo Nordisk, in which the FDA required the company to conduct further safety testing showing the serious side effects. For people who are overweight or obese, this new diabetes drug may be a powerful option to finally conquer fat loss along with diet and exercise.

Leeman Taylor
Bachelor Degree in Criminal Justice
Real Estate Investor & Internet Marketer

Source: Xavier Pi-Sunyer, Arne Astrup, Ken Fujioka, et al “A Randomized, Controlled Trial of 3.0 mg of Liraglutide in Weight Management” The New England Journal of Medicine 2 July 2015

Daily Weigh-Ins May Help Weight Loss

For anyone seeking to lose weight and keep it off, using the scale every day and writing down your results is a simple fat loss strategy that works.

Daily Weigh-Ins Improve Weight Loss

Weighing yourself every day may improve weight loss, according to a study published in the Journal of Obesity Photo by Black Health Zone

According to a two-year Cornell study, recently published in the Journal of Obesity, self-weighing and tracking the results frequently on a chart were effective for both losing weight and keeping it off, especially for men (Journal of Obesity, 2015).

With two-thirds of adults in the U.S. overweight or obese (National Institutes of Health), obesity is a major issue and rates have been steadily increasing for the past five years.

In this study, 162 men and women were randomly separated into either a control group or experimental group. Those in the experimental group were asked to weigh themselves every day, at a consistent time and record their weight on the computer program set up by researchers. They were allowed to do anything they wanted to lose weight, and were given a weight loss goal of 1 percent. This is equal to cutting back about 150 calories per day for two weeks (Journal of Obesity, 2015).

“Because we didn’t prescribe, everyone found their own way of losing the weight, “whether they reduced portion size, stopped snacking or skipped a meal, said David Levitsky, professor of nutrition and psychology at Cornell. The overall good was to lose 10 percent of their initial body weight and maintain that weight for another year.

Only 8 percent reached that 10 percent goal, with another 28 percent losing about 5 percent of his or her total body weight. There was a huge difference between men and women, with men losing far more weight than women.

“It seems to work better for men than women, for reasons we cannot figure out yet,” Levitsky said.

I believe that stepping on the scale and tracking your results helps you realize what’s working for you and how your eating habits are affecting you. Levitsky says that all you need is a bathroom scale and an excel spreadsheet or even a piece a graph paper.

Participants that lost weight the first year in the program were able to keep it off throughout the second year. This is important because research shows that nearly 40 percent of weight on any diet plan is regained in one year while about 100 percent of weight loss is regained at five years.

Making small diet changes and daily physical activity is the key to weight loss but monitoring your weight daily is also important for weight management.

If you are ready to lose weight, using that scale and tracking your results on a spreadsheet every day may be the best option for you to conquer fat loss.

Leeman Taylor
Bachelor of Criminal Justice
Real Estate Investor & Internet Marketer

Source: Carly R. Pacanowski and David A. Levitsky, “Frequent Self-Weighing and Visual Feedback for Weight Loss in Overweight Adults,” Journal of Obesity, vol. 2015, Article ID 763680, 9 pages, 2015. doi:10.1155/2015/763680

Vitamin D Supplement Aids Weight Loss

Overweight Americans, who are vitamin D deficient, can now take a supplement of the nutrient to help them lose weight, according to a new Italian study (HealthDay 2015).

Vitamin D Aids Weight Loss

Vitamin D may help overweight individuals lose weight who are vitamin D deficient. Photo: Sathit/Shutterstock

I love vitamins because they are good for replacing the nutrients I need for my diet plan during weight loss efforts. Prior research has demonstrated that vitamin D deficiency is related to a risk of obesity and obesity-related issues, says led scientist Vigna of the University of Milan. The team mentioned that past research on the use of vitamin D deficiency to stop obesity has been indecisive thus far.

In northern Italy, it has been estimated that severe vitamin D deficiency varies from 6 percent in overweight people to 30 to 40 percent in morbidly obese individuals. Nearly all obese persons did not have a favorable vitamin D level.

The study consisted of 400 overweight or obese individuals with low vitamin D, who were to follow a low-calorie diet and then were separated into three groups. One group took no supplements, while the other two either took 100,000 international units (IU) or 25,000 IU of vitamin D each month.

After 6 months, people who took the supplements accomplished a significantly greater weight loss and reduction in waist circumference than those who took no supplements. The people who took 100,000 units lost an average of 5.4kg, while 3.8kg was the total fat loss for the 25,000 unit group (HealthDay 2015).

“The present data indicate that in obese and overweight people with vitamin D deficiency, vitamin D supplementation aids weight loss and enhances the beneficial effects of a reduced calorie diet,” Vigna team said. The scientists recommend that all obese and overweight individuals have their vitamin D levels checked.

It is important to note that the effects of vitamin D is only limited to those who actually have a vitamin D deficiency. Consuming the proper amounts of vitamins and minerals is important, said Dr. Christopher Ochner, an expert in nutrition, weight loss and obesity of The Mount Sinai Hospital in New York City. However, “this study does not suggest that everyone looking to lose weight should start taking large doses of vitamin D – or any other supplement,” he stressed, adding that “most individuals are not vitamin D-deficient.”

Vitamin D has the nickname “sunshine vitamin” because the body produces the nutrient when skin is exposed to the sun. People can also get vitamin D from foods such as eggs, milk, salmon, tuna, orange juice and cereal. If you are obese or overweight and vitamin D deficient, consult with your physician to see how taking this supplement may help you lose weight.

Leeman Taylor
Bachelor’s in Criminal Justice from FAMU
Real Estate Investor & Internet Marketer

Source: Preidt, R. “Vitamin D Supplements Might Help Some Lose Weight” HealthDay 2015

Chili Peppers May Induce Weight Loss

If you love chili peppers as a spice, it may help you lose weight as well. According to researchers at the University of Wyoming, adding capsaicin from chili peppers can help induce weight loss in mice on a high-fat diet (Biophysical Society 2015).

Chili Peppers - Weight Loss

Chili peppers contain capsaicin, a chief component that stimulates fat-burning to help you lose weight. Photo: Clipart

With nearly one-third of the world’s population being obese or overweight (World Health Organization), obesity has been a major concern for all researchers across the world. We understand that diet and exercise is the key to weight loss but new alternative discoveries seem to appear every day.

Following a restricted diet and eliminating fatty foods is tough for anyone seeking to lose weight but researchers at the University of Wyoming discovered promise in the potential of capsaicin. They found that this ingredient in chili peppers may fight obesity by stimulating energy-burning and converting white fat to brown fat. This study will be presented at the Biophysical Society’s 59th annual meeting this week.

“In our bodies, white fat cells store energy and brown fat cells serve as thermogenic (heat produced by burning fat) machinery to burn stored fat. Eating calorie-rich food and a lack of physical activity cause an imbalance in metabolism that leads to obesity”, explains Vivek Krishnan, a graduate student working in Baskaran Thyagarajan’s laboratory at the University of Wyoming’s School of Pharmacy. This basically means that brown fat cells are better because they have fat burning capabilities that help burn calories.

Researchers found that high-fat-diet obesity and dietary capsaicin –0.01 percent of capsaicin in the total high fat diet—prevented high-fat-diet induced weight gain with wild mice, but not in mice that genetically lacked transient receptor potential vanilloid 1 (TRPV1).

I agree with the idea that creating a natural dietary supplement to fight obesity can be simply advanced to human clinical studies. I enjoy chili peppers to add spice to my foods and if it helps burn fat as well, I will be sure to add more to my diet plan.

Leeman Taylor
Senior Criminal Justice Major at Florida A&M University
Real Estate Investor & Internet Marketer

Source: “What’s next in Diets: Chili Peppers?” 8 February 2015 Biophysical Society