Tag Archives: type 2 diabetes

Losing Weight Can Reverse Type 2 Diabetes

Type-2 diabetes can be reversed by losing a certain amount of weight, according to new study published in The BMJ.

Diabetes

Type-2 diabetes can be reversed by losing a certain amount of weight, according to new study published in The BMJ. Photo by Medical News Today

There is popular belief that type-2 diabetes is permanent, but this study found that people can reverse their condition by losing 30 pounds. If more individuals worked toward this goal, and if more doctors were reporting occurrences of diabetes remission, health care costs and complication rates could both be reduced drastically, according to authors.

Evidence from recent clinical trials was what the analysis was based on. In one of them, individuals who had type-2 diabetes got their sugar levels back to normal when they lost weight on a diet. A follow up study done in 2016 showed that people who had diabetes for up to ten years were able to reverse their condition by losing approximately 30 pounds.

According to Mike Lean, professor of human nutrition at the University of Glasgow in Scotland, a person’s chances of suspension from diabetes is greatest in the first 5 years after being diagnosed.

He wrote in an email that type-2 diabetes is “best avoided by the weight gain that drives it.” I believe that weight loss is a better option to prevent diabetes versus taking pills or injections. Many people don’t try to lose weight and keep it off, Lean says-and that may be because that person does not believe they can become non-diabetic again. Doctors should give their patients the proper guidelines and more encouragement.

If many of the healthcare service offer the structured weight-loss programs like those that have showed promise in the clinical trials, patients would have a better chance. Hopefully a program as such will be available soon as there is a large study going on for effectiveness set for next year.

Until further notice, patients should do what is necessary to lose weight and keep it off. It will not be easy but support for sustained weight loss is the best option for people’s remission of diabetes.

Source: McCombie Louise, Leslie Wilma, Taylor Roy, Kennon Brian, Sattar Naveed, Lean Mike E J et al. Beating type 2 diabetes into remission BMJ 2017;358 :j4030

Leeman Taylor
Bachelor Degree in Criminal Justice
Real Estate Investor & Internet Marketer

Small Weight Loss Has Big Health Benefits

Obese people who lose just 5 percent of their body weight can reduce the risk of heart disease and Type 2 diabetes and increase their metabolic function, says a new study.

Small Weight Loss

Losing 5 percent of your body weight has reasonable health benefits, study says. Photo by New Pittsburgh Courier

There are many current treatment guidelines that recommend patients lose about 5 to 10 percent of their body weight in order to receive health benefits, but the recommendations were focused on prior studies that did not differentiate between individuals who lost only 5 percent of their body weight and those who lost more weight.

In this study, 40 obese individuals with signs of insulin resistance were randomized to either go on a low calorie diet to lose 5, 10 or 15 percent of their body weight or just maintain their body weight. According to the journal Cell Metabolism, the study found that 5 percent weight loss was enough to lower multiple risk factors for heart disease and type 2 diabetes. To put this in perspective, a 200-pound individual could lose just 10 pounds to improve their health profile. This is more encouraging in my opinion because it’s a realistic goal and it is much easier to achieve than losing 10 percent of that 200 pounds.

“Even though five percent weight loss may not have dramatic cosmetic benefits, it does have significant health benefits,” said the study’s author, Dr. Samuel Klein, director of the Center for Human Nutrition at Washington University School of Medicine. “You’re much healthier on the inside, and it’s a really reasonable and legitimate target for people with obesity.”

This study should be a reminder to obese people that a 5 percent weight loss is really a success and not a failure. Diet and exercise can be difficult for any individual overweight and when you do not see any immediate physical changes, you may feel discouraged. This study is a good example to remind you that you are actually fighting diseases and improving your overall health by losing a little weight.

Obesity is a major risk factor for chronic health conditions, such as diabetes, cancer and heart disease. Taking short walks and making small changes to your diet is a good way to start weight loss to improve your health today.

“Our findings show that even a small amount of weight loss has important health benefits for multiple organ systems,” Klein said. “We hope that these findings will encourage obese people to take reasonable steps to watch what they eat and increase their physical activity, because this will translate into a lower risk for diabetes and heart disease.”

To say the least, some weight loss is better than no weight loss at all or even making an honest effort. Just because you don’t see instant physical results it does not mean you are not becoming healthier inside. Losing just 5 percent of your body weight is really a success so this should be encouragement to keep losing weight and receiving the nice health benefits that come along with it.

Leeman Taylor
Bachelor Degree in Criminal Justice
Real Estate Investor & Internet Marketer

Source: Magkos, Faidon et al. “Effects of Moderate and Subsequent Progressive Weight Loss on Metabolic Function and Adipose Tissue Biology in Humans with Obesity” Cell Metabolism 22 February 2016

Weight Loss Can Reverse Type 2 Diabetes

Weight loss can reverse type 2 diabetes according to a new study at Newcastle. Over 9% of Americans have type 2 diabetes according to the American Diabetes Association so this is a serious chronic health condition that needs to be prevented.

Diabetes

Losing one gram of fat from the pancreas reverses type 2 diabetes, says study. Photo by Clinical Research of West Florida

Diabetes is an issue with your body that affects how blood glucose or sugar levels are maintained. Your body does not handle insulin properly and your pancreas cannot produce enough insulin to maintain normal blood sugar levels.

A new study conducted by the Newcastle University reveals that the disease is created by fat storage in the pancreas and losing more than one gram from the organ can restore insulin production and reverse the illness. The more grams of excess fat you lose the better your chances are for eliminating diabetes.

In the study, 18 obese individuals with type 2 diabetes were given gastric band surgery and put on a restricted diet for 2 months. They were cured of their condition and during the trial, patients between the age of 25 and 65 lost about thirteen percent of their body weight. They also lost 0.6 grams of fat from their pancreas which allowed the organ to release normal levels of insulin.

This is a great study because it reminds us of how important weight loss is and how diabetes is directly linked to fat stored in the pancreas. Keep in mind that you do have to lose a significant amount of weight just to lose that one gram of fat from the pancreas but it will help cure the disease according to the study. Low calorie diets do have the potential to reverse type 2 diabetes but they are not recommended by the researchers and surgery may be the best option if all else fails.

To find out if the results in this study can be duplicated, the researchers are planning a 2 year study with Glasgow University including 200 people. I find this study quite amazing because it actually breaks down exactly how much grams of weight you must lose to reverse type 2 diabetes and improve your insulin levels.

Diet and exercise may be difficult for many overweight or obese individuals but natural weight loss is very important even after you have surgery. Maintaining a healthy lifestyle is key to keeping the weight off and preventing serious health conditions such as type 2 diabetes, risk of cancer or stroke and even heart disease.

Now that we know how weight loss can reverse type 2 diabetes the next step is to improve our health by eating healthy and staying physical as much as possible. I would like to wish everyone a Merry Christmas and Happy New Years!

Leeman Taylor
Bachelor’s Degree in Criminal Justice
Real Estate Investor & Internet Marketer

Source: Knapton, Sarah “Type 2 diabetes can be cured through weight loss, Newcastle University finds” http://www.telegraph.co.uk/ 01 December 2015

Weight Loss Surgery Will Fight Type 2 Diabetes

Research has showed that weight loss surgery may eliminate type-2 diabetes in patients, and a new study discovers that the surgery may be long term. According to the diabetes, bariatric surgery is more effective than standard treatment for the short-term control of type-2 diabetes.

Gastric Bypass Weight Loss Surgery

Weight loss surgery is better than medications for fighting type-2 diabetes, according to study. Photo by Healthy Hippie

“This is a very important study because it’s the first randomized trial comparing diabetes to medical treatment of diabetes with five years of follow-up,” said Dr. Philip Schauer, who directs the Bariatric and Metabolic Institute at the Cleveland Clinic.

The study led by Dr. Francesco Rubino of King’s College London tracked 5-year outcomes of 60 obese patients who had type 2 diabetes. The patients were chosen at random to undergo either one of two weight loss surgery, or continue with traditional drug therapy to help manage their diabetes.

The results discovered that 50% of the 38 weight-loss surgery patients kept diabetes from reoccurring, compared to none of the 15 patients who were in the drug treatment group. It seems that bariatric surgery is a much better choice for fat loss and disease control than treatment programs in this case.

The researchers added that patients who had surgery also had lower blood sugar levels than those treated with drugs, despite of whether their diabetes went into full remission. “What really is causing the remission of diabetes after surgery remains unknown,” Dr. Rubino said. What is known, he added, is that the intestines produce a host of hormones involved in regulating metabolism. Reconstructing the gastrointestinal tract so that food bypasses the stomach and small intestine may help restore normal metabolic control, he explained.

Gastric bypass or biliopancreatic diversion was the only methods of weight loss surgery that was used during the trial and they both had their weaknesses. Patients who got gastric bypass had lesser nutritional side effects with a better quality of life overall while more people witnessed their diabetes go into remission with biliopancreatic diversion. With that being said, gastric bypass is probably the better choice for fighting type-2 diabetes.

Although this was a small trial, it seems that surgery is quite stable in the long run, at least for five years. The procedure seems to be safe with fairly low complication rates. The downside is that any weight loss surgery can be expensive and comes with risks. Insurance companies do not seem to favor covering costs for weight loss surgery and rather save money with medications. With this study, I believe insurance companies may reconsider and pay for more patients to have weight loss surgery to fight type-2 diabetes.

Leeman Taylor
Bachelor Degree in Criminal Justice
Real Estate Investor & Internet Marketer

Source: Mingrone, Geltrude et al.” Bariatric–metabolic surgery versus conventional medical treatment in obese patients with type 2 diabetes: 5 year follow-up of an open-label, single-centre, randomised controlled trial” The Lancet, Volume 386 , Issue 9997 , 964 – 973 August 2015

Weight Loss Surgery Benefits May Diminish Over Time

Weight-loss surgeries for obesity are very popular, often producing dramatic fat loss and reducing type-2 diabetes, according a new study. The problem is that patients regain weight and health problems return in the long run.

Laparoscopic Sleeve Gastrectomy

Weight loss surgery benefits for obesity fade over time, according to new study. Photo by Daryl S. Marx M.D.

Diet and exercise are essential for any long term weight loss from my experience but I understand this is very difficult for anyone who is already obese.

A new study published in JAMA Surgery reviewed patients’ files between one and five years who underwent laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG). It discovered that patients who had that kind of surgery encountered significant weight gain and a return of type 2 diabetes years later.

A sleeve gastrectomy is basically the removal of part of the stomach and creating a long, slim sleeve, or pouch, from the remaining section of the stomach, according to the U.S. National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Disease (NIDDK). When the size of the stomach is reduced it limits the amount of food you can consume. Also, it suppresses appetite, lowers blood sugar and changes gut hormones.

“Weight-loss surgery is not a panacea for weight loss over the long run,” said lead researcher Dr. Andrei Keidar, of the Beilinson Hospital in Petah Tikva, Israel.

Keidar says the main reason for weight regain is that the stomach dilates, which means you can eat more. The appetite returns so individuals can consume more and they desire to eat more (JAMA Surg.).

Data was collected on nearly 450 patients between April 2006 and February 2013. However, only 39 patients had a full follow-up by the fifth year after surgery. It seems patients either were ashamed or just became discouraged and did not want to report which could have ended in a biased study.

Patients lost 77 percent of their excess weight in the first year of surgery. Shockingly, they regained weight by the fifth year, resulting in only a 56 percent fat loss. Also, 51 percent of people eliminated type 2 diabetes in the first year. In the fifth year, only 20 percent were still clear of the disease, said researchers (JAMA Surg.).

I agree with Keidar that weight loss surgery is a “behavioral surgery”. If you do not switch up your lifestyle you will regain weight.

Even though patients may regain weight and develop diabetes again, I still believe weight-loss surgery is the best option for obese patients.

Leeman Taylor
Bachelor Degree in Criminal Justice
Real Estate Investor & Internet Marketer

Source: Golomb I, Ben David M, Glass A, Kolitz T, Keidar A. “Long-term Metabolic Effects of Laparoscopic Sleeve Gastrectomy” JAMA Surg. Published online August 05, 2015. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2015.2202.

Some Diabetes Drugs May Help Weight Loss

A class of drugs that are used to treat diabetes seems to help individuals lose weight by altering how the brain reacts to food, according to a new study.

Diabetes Drugs May Help Weight Loss

Some Diabetes Drugs May Help Weight Loss. Photo by PreDiabetes Centers

Researchers have been trying to figure out how gut-hormone based medications known as GLP-1 receptor agonists also help individuals with type 2 diabetes lose extra pounds (HealthDay 2015 ).

A Dutch team stated that the drugs may reduce cravings and increase satisfaction while eating. This is good news for many people seeking weight loss but having trouble suppressing their appetite. The researchers looked specifically at the injectable GLP-1 receptor agonist exenatide.

Their discovery will be demonstrated at the American Diabetes Associations (ADA) yearly meeting in Boston on Tuesday. Studies that are presented at meetings are usually viewed as preliminary until they have been published in a peer-viewed journal. With that being said, we cannot jump to any conclusions just yet.

“When you eat, there are several hormones released. GLP-1 is one of them, “Dr. Liselotte van Bloemendaal, a Ph.D. student at the Diabetes Center, VU University Medical Center in Amsterdam, Holland, mentioned in an ADA news release.

“These hormones relay information to the center of the nervous system about nutritional status to regulate appetite. Using working MRI’s (which calculate brain activity by detecting changes in blood flow), we looked at the reward centers in the brains of obese individuals with and without type 2 diabetes and measured the response to the anticipation of and drinking of chocolate milk while being given GLP-1 receptor agonist intravenously versus placebo,” she explained.

When given the drug, the brain did not anticipate the food reward as much. The researchers said this could lead to reduced cravings (HealthDay 2015). The drug also seemed to increase the feeling of reward from food while people were eating, which might reduce overeating, according to van Bloemendaal. I understand that overeating is a major issue for people trying to lose weight and this GLP-1 receptor might be the perfect fat loss tool.

The findings may lead to new treatments for obesity, she said. Van Bloemendaal also wants to determine whether these drugs can reduce cravings for drugs, alcohol and nicotine. If so, people may be able to quit smoking and lose weight at the same time.

Leeman Taylor
Bachelor’s Degree in Criminal Justice
Real Estate Investor & Internet Marketer

Source: Preidt, R. “Certain Diabetes Drugs May Aid Weight Loss by Curbing Cravings” www.healthday.com June 9, 2015